Bank of China
Bank of China is one of the big four state-owned commercial banks of the People's Republic of China – the other three are Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China Construction Bank and Agricultural Bank of China. Bank of China was founded in 1912 to replace the Government Bank of Imperial China, and is the oldest bank in China. From its establishment until 1942, it issued banknotes on behalf of the Government of the Republic of China along with the "Big Four" banks of the period: the Central Bank of China, Farmers Bank of China and Bank of Communications. Although it initially functioned as the Chinese central bank, in 1928 the Central Bank of China replaced it in that role. Subsequently, BOC became a purely commercial bank.
Art in the frame in graft probe
Beijing's latest major anti-corruption action, which already has ensnared at least two mainland bankers and a property developer, is now widening to art auction and investment circles, underscoring the complexity of the investigation.
Initially the investigation centered on two bankers at the Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) and China Minsheng Banking Corp. Both men were detained in May on suspicion of corruption and illegal gambling.
Now, the focus has turned to Beijing Bonwin Contemporary Art Investment, which says it is the first such art investment firm on the mainland and held ambitions to list on the Hong Kong stock market later this year.
Its chairman, Huang Yujie, was recently detained in Beijing. Huang was asked by local police and customs officials 'to assist with an investigation', people familiar with the matter told the South China Morning Post.
On the mainland, before a formal charge is laid, local police often use the phrase 'assisting with an investigation' when they want to detain people who are linked to a case, particularly in relation to possible economic crimes. These detentions can last for a few days or several months, and usually result in formal charges.
Bonwin originally asked JPMorgan to advise on its plan to launch an initial public offering of shares (IPO) in Hong Kong this year, but the Wall Street bank recently decided to cut its ties with the company, effectively killing the IPO, the people said.
'This is like an earthquake in the art world on the mainland,' said one of the people who asked not to be named due to the sensitive nature of the investigation. 'The more the government looks into it, the worse it will be likely to find, because this [art auction and investment] industry is full of tricks that outsiders won't usually know,' said the person.
The art business has been growing rapidly in recent years in China as mainlanders get richer and look for assets whose value will hopefully outpace inflation.
The property developer caught up in the May investigation, Wang Yaohui, is chairman of the secretive and closely held property-to-resources conglomerate Zhonghui Guohua Industry Group. He is well-known in art circles as an active collector and investor.
Wang worked closely in the art business with He Juxin, a former mid-ranking executive at Beijing-based Minsheng Bank.
He helped the bank design some art investment products, including one in partnership with Bonwin, which advised Minsheng in acquiring valuable artworks to back investment products for the bank's high-net-worth clients.
Bonwin could not be reached for comment yesterday.
Both Wang and He were detained in late May, as was Yang Kun, an executive vice-president of ABC. Both Yang and He are believed to have close personal ties to Wang. Wang is also a client of ABC, one of the mainland's 'big four' state lenders, according to people familiar with the situation.
Wang also knows Bonwin's chairman Huang well because they have worked together on art collections, people in the financial industry said. It remains unclear exactly why Huang was detained and became part of the May investigation. But the people told the Post they believe Huang's problems are related to tax issues and the questionable valuation of some artworks.
In June, the Post reported that the Communist Party's high-level anti-corruption watchdog, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, was seeking hard evidence of economic crimes that might have been committed by ABC's Yang and Wang, who appears to be the key person in the complex probe.