Police learning party doctrine
Police officers need to learn about Communist Party theory and the mainland's political system, according to Police College teaching materials leaked on the internet.
More than 900 files, most of them related to the police force, were recently uploaded to Google Docs, a site allowing people to easily share documents. A link was available on Facebook. Most had been leaked between 2008 and last year through the file-sharing system Foxy, and were re-uploaded to the web.
In the latest leaked files, Police College teaching material dated 2006 revealed that officers needed to learn about the Three Represents, a theory advanced by former president Jiang Zemin that the Communist Party represents advanced productive forces, advanced culture and the interests of the broad masses.
The five pages of material also detail the mainland's political structure and state that Taiwan is a 'not yet united' part of China.
Benjamin Tsang Chiu-fo, chairman of the Police Inspectors' Association, said it was normal for officers to learn about the political system and structure of the police force on the mainland.
'After the handover, there has been more contact between Hong Kong and mainland police about combating cross-border crime. We need to learn more about the situation on the mainland,' he said.
A 2006 note about police and media relations instructed officers to talk less to the media.
'When an interviewee provides 10 sentences, reporters will only choose to quote one. And this sentence will not be your main point, and might be unfavourable to you,' it said.
It also portrayed journalists as eager to press for answers, report on the negative and sensational side of a story and exaggerate the facts. The note also challenged the figure of 500,000 protesters for the July 1 rally in 2003 - widely reported in the media - saying it was not an objective fact.
A police spokesman said that the note provided a multifaceted description of modern-day media operations.
Mak Yin-ting, the chairwoman of the Journalists' Association, said she was disappointed about the note, saying that the author had no understanding of how the media worked.
'Such a biased portrayal of the media cannot help in improving the media-police relationship. I wonder if material like this is related to the deterioration of this relationship.'
A police spokesman said that the material on the mainland system and the media was still used today by recruits training to become constables and inspectors. The two documents in question came from the Open University, from a module called Social Studies in Policing, he said.
The material referring to China's constitution illustrated key concepts of the mainland's criminal justice system. Material about the systems in Britain, the United States, France and Japan was also part of the curriculum, he said.
A number of police data leaks occurred between 2008 and last year, leading to the punishment of at least 23 officers.
The police spokesman said measures had been implemented to strengthen information security.