Wise words from the world's great religions
It is time to tune in to RTHK Radio 4's new programme, Practice Listening , aired every Thursday from 6.30 pm to 7 pm on RTHK 4 MHz 97.6 - 98.9 M Stereo.
The programme is designed to help senior secondary school students develop their listening skills.
As you listen to the programme, have this page open in front of you. The answers to the listening tasks will be given over the air.
This week's Practice Listening is about three of the world's major religions: Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism.
Task 1 1. Islam began over . . .
a) under 2,000 years ago; b) 3,000 years ago; c) 4,000 years ago; d) over 5,000 years ago 2. The Prophet Mohammed was . . .
a) the first of the prophets; b) the last of the prophets; c) the originator of the prophets; d) the 10th of the prophets 3. Islam began in . . .
a) Arabia; b) Egypt; c) Syria; d) Oman 4. Tick the countries that are Muslim: a) Greece; b) Saudi Arabia; c) Brazil; d) Egypt; e) Ireland; f) Ireland; g) Iran; h) Oman 5. The word Islam means . . .
a) substitute; b) solitary; c) substantial; d) submission 6. The Holy Book of Islam is called . . . a) the Pillars; b) the Koran; c) the Pilgrimage; d) the Five Ways 7. Tick the five most important aspects of Islam listed below: a) prayer; b) interpreting dreams; c) the after life; d) welfare tax; e) fasting; f) honouring parents; g) pilgrimage; h) faith 8. In Arabic Allah means . . .
a) God; b) Faith; c) Religion; d) Prophet Task 2 There are many Buddhists in Hong Kong and Buddhist monks can sometimes be seen standing in busy places wearing their orange coloured robes and ringing on a metal bowl as a way of asking the public to donate some money. Listen to the following and answer the questions below.
1. The Buddha was originally . . .
a) an ordinary man; b) a member of royalty; c) a priest; d) a politician 2. He lived in . . .
a) Thailand; b) China; c) India; d) Sri Lanka 3. Most Buddhists live in . . .
a) Southeast Asia; b) Northeast India; c) East Africa; d) The West Indies 4. The most important belief in Buddhism is to be free of pain, we must not have. . .
a) wealth; b) envy; c) desire; d) hatred 5. Nirvana is . . .
a) a State in Northeast India; b) a state of peace; c) a form of worship; d) a feeling of belonging 6. Buddhists believe that after we die . . .
a) we go to heaven; b) we turn to dust; c) we go to sleep; d) we are reborn 7. The Buddhist concept of karma depends on the way . . .
a) we believe in our lives; b) follow strict routines; c) say our prayers; d) we dress 8. The thing that first made the Buddha begin his life of holiness was . . .
a) reading holy books; b) seeing human suffering; c) being taught by his Father; d) looking into a clear lake Task 3 There are many Hindus in Hong Kong, mainly people of Indian origin.
1. Hinduism is . . .
a) a young religion; b) one of the oldest religions; c) more recent than Islam; d) later than Christianity 2. Hindus worship . . .
a) one main God only; b) two main Gods and various minor Gods; c) many different Gods; d) a few important Gods 3. Dharma is a way of . . .
a) praying; b) living; c) meditating; d) giving 4. Hindus believe that we can . . .
a) be reborn as animals; b) see into the future; c) postpone death through prayer; d) control our destiny 5. Hindus believe if you are a very good person you will . . .
a) never die; b) go to heaven; c) be reborn as a King; d) never be born again