China's initiatives to serve socio-economic objectives
China is taking a multi-pronged approach to developing human resources, which is crucial to the country's socio-economic development, Zhang Xuezhong, the mainland's Minister of Personnel Development, told the Apec High Level Meeting on Human Capacity Building co-hosted by China and Brunei.
Mr Zhang and Abdul Rahman Taib, the Minister of Industry and Primary Resources of Brunei, chaired the meeting.
While much progress has been made in human resource development, China still fell short in terms of talented people the country needs, he said. The quality of the workforce has improved. There are more than 60 million skilled workers with at least junior college education or at least middle school education, accounting for 8.6 per cent of the total workforce, while 'the number of technicians with specialities has reached 39.14 million, accounting for 5.5 per cent of the total workforce'.
China has initiated education reforms, strengthened primary education, developed higher learning and vocational training, in addition to promoting life-long education and quality education. Another strategy is to train, attract and make the best use of talented people, Mr Zhang said.
Human resource development is being promoted in the context of economic restructuring, he said. Institutional reforms as well as creating an environment for outstanding people to excel are also part of the overall strategy.
Another approach is to promote co-operation between public sector organisations and universities in various regions of China, he said.
In terms of developing people against the backdrop of economic restructuring, he said: 'We are combining human resource restructuring with industrial restructuring.' During the 9th Five-Year Plan period, 550,000 people participated in enterprise management training and 6.5 million people in short-term training, he said.
He said reforms had been undertaken to 'eliminate institutional constraints', and give talented people their due place.
As a part of efforts to improve the national public servant system, the personnel management system is being reformed and 'a new fair and open competitive recruitment system' is being set up, he said.
The Millions of Talents project will help create 'conditions for talents to grow and display their abilities'.
Talented people are also being attracted by encouraging those who study overseas to return. So far, 111,000 students have returned. At the same time, overseas professionals are being hired. 'Since 1978, China has employed 824,000 foreign experts and sent 378,000 technicians or managers to study abroad. At present, there are more than 60,000 foreign employees registered in China,' Mr Zhang said.