Transfer of Sovereignty of Hong Kong

Question of the week: Who has had the most positive impact on Hong Kong's development?

PUBLISHED : Monday, 19 June, 2006, 12:00am
UPDATED : Monday, 19 June, 2006, 12:00am

Patrick Lee Pak-chuen, 17


La Salle College


It has to be Deng Xiaoping, who adopted the open-door policy in the 1970s. This has helped boost Hong Kong's economy, with the city becoming the gateway to the mainland. The Sino-British Joint Declaration, which was signed in 1984, included the 'one country, two systems' concept. This system was proposed by Deng during talks with the British government on Hong Kong's future. His idea has helped Hong Kong maintain its capitalist way of life since the handover. Hong Kong still enjoys free market policies and a high degree of autonomy, thanks to Deng.


Gigi Lam Chi-ying, 17


Shun Tak Fraternal Association Cheng Yu Tung Secondary School


I think it's Sam Hui Koon-kit. He's a singer-songwriter who has grown together with Hong Kong. In a career spanning more than three decades, he has written a number of great songs which reflected the social conditions at the time. His contribution to the Hong Kong music scene started in 1974 when his debut album Games Gamblers Play was released. Hui helped elevate Canto-pop to the mainstream of Hong Kong's popular cultures. His lyrics combined colloquial and literary styles, which appealed to both refined and popular tastes. Many of his songs remain popular even today.


Zee Leung Man-chi, 16


Tang King Po School


The 25th Hong Kong governor, Sir Crawford Murray Maclehose, deserves the honour. He introduced many reforms and improved the city's housing and education. In 1974, he established the Independent Commission against Corruption. As a result, Hong Kong became a 'clean' city. He implemented compulsory, nine-year free schooling in 1978, providing opportunities for all Hong Kong students. He abolished capital controls, helping to attract many banks to the city. Thus, Hong Kong was able to become an international finance centre. Without him, Hong Kong would not have attained its present status as one of the most advanced cities in the world.