Newspapers - Part 1
Let's kick off with the newspaper
(noun, pronounced: nyooz-pay-per).
Traditionally, this is a daily or weekly publication, printed on folded sheets of paper, that contains news, articles and advertisements.
Imagine a world with no paper, without newspapers, magazines or books. What types of communication would we use?
A. The printing press revolutionised books and newspapers
The printing press, invented by Johann Gutenberg (left) in 1447, was the first step in the development of the modern newspaper. The machine he built allowed him to move small blocks of letters in such a way that written material could be printed and mass-produced.
Long before Gutenberg, as early as AD868, the Chinese had been carving wood blocks to print books. But the process had a major drawback: a new set of woodcuts had to be made for each book. Patents did not yet exist, so anybody could build a printing press without compensating Gutenberg.
Some religious and government officials denounced the invention of printing because they feared that it would spread bad ideas.
Find the meanings of:
1. Patent (pronounced: payt-nt or pat-nt) _______________________________
2. Denounced (pronounced: di-nouns-ed)____________________________
3. Compensating (pronounced: kom-pen-sate-ing)_________________________
4. Invented (pronounced: in-vent-ed) _______________
Should the government, politicians or business leaders have the right to tell us what we should and shouldn't read? Why/why not? In what circumstances do you believe interference is acceptable?
B. Writing ink dates from about
2500BC in Egypt and China
Ancient civilisations made ink out of soot from fires mixed with sap. Later societies used plant material for ink, particularly the dark blue indigo plant. Gutenberg used an oil-based printing ink that lasted longer than other inks used at the time.
Appreciate your ancestors and how far we have come!
Try making your own writing ink out of a variety of sources, such as plants and liquids (food colouring is good).
Now try and make one letter or intricate design block print using a potato.
Use a knife on a large, uncooked, potato that has aged for a few days. Cut it in half, and leave it for a day to dry out more. Cut a letter into your potato. Press your stamp in ink, then onto paper or material.
C. Newspapers in Hong Kong today
A. Apple Daily
B. Oriental Daily
C. The Standard
D. Asia AM730
D. True or False?
1. public press, press - the gathering and publishing of news in the form of newspapers or magazines
2. daily - a newspaper that is published every day
3. gazette - a newspaper or official journal
4. school newspaper, school paper - a newspaper written and published by students in a school
5. tabloid, rag, sheet - newspaper with half-size pages
6. editorial, newspaper column, column - an article giving opinions or perspectives
7. feature article, feature - a special or prominent article in a newspaper or magazine; 'they ran a feature on retirement planning'
8. news article, news story, newspaper article - an article reporting news
9. headline, newspaper headline - the heading of a newspaper article
10. sports section - the section of a newspaper that reports on sports
11. news item - an item in a newspaper
12. cartoon strip, comic strip, strip - a sequence of drawings telling a story in a newspaper or comic book
Why is the ability to read a newspaper such an important skill to learn?
How can you become better informed and more likely to actively participate and have a say in your society, now and in the future?
E Young Post Online - newspaper help
Learn how to make your own school or class newspaper. Find help on everything from getting started, to content, newsroom, design, and interview techniques.
Log on to our website www.yp.scmp.com
Go to ARCHIVE,
then ENGLISH LEARNING,
Did you know?
In 8th-century China, the first newspapers appeared as hand-written news sheets in Beijing.
Next week: Newspapers - Part 2
13-part Media Series - double-page spread every Wednesday
3/1/07 Week 1 Newspapers 1
10/1/07 Week 2 Newspapers 2
17/1/07 Week 3 Newspapers 3
24/1/07 Week 4 Advertising
31/1/07 Week 5 Television
7/2/07 Week 6 Documentary
14/02/07 Week 7 Journalism
28/02/07 Week 8 Magazines
07/03/07 Week 9 Blogging & Civil Journalism
14/03/07 Week 10 Radio
21/03/07 Week 11 Computer Games & Multimedia
28/03/07 Week 12 Internet Media
01/04/07 Week 13 Media & Social Commentary
A. 1. Patent: A licence that gives an individual or a group the right to use, make or sell an invention.
2. Denounced: Condemned openly as being evil or reprehensible.
3. Compensating: Making satisfactory payment or reparation to.
4. Invented: created/developed
C. B, A, D, C
D. All true.