State of the nation

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 18 April, 2007, 12:00am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 18 April, 2007, 12:00am

Water shortages now affect more than 400 cities, while up to 90 per cent of the country's rivers and lakes are polluted. Some of China?s main water issues include:

1 Melting of glaciers in Tibet will worsen water shortages and increase risk of droughts

2 In the 1950s, Dongting Lake covered 4,350 sq km. Today, it is only 2,625 sq km

3 South-North Water Diversion Project will transfer more than 40 billion cubic metres a year from flood-prone south to arid north

4 Water in the Pearl River is described as not even suitable for industrial use

5 Chongqing's drought last year (main picture) was the worst in a century

6 More than 70 per cent of water in the Yellow, Huai and Hai rivers is considered too polluted for human use

7 The 'pollution belt' along Yangtze River now exceeds 600km. Yangtze River absorbs more than 40 per cent of country's total waste water, 80 per cent of it untreated

8 Water table under North China Plain is dropping dramaticall