1 Besides the Holocaust, can you think of other cases of genocide that remain a blot on human history? Discuss with your classmates and teachers the reasons behind these massacres and their consequences.
2 The Nazis preached one-party dictatorship and extreme ideas like anti-semitism and eugenics (selective breeding to improve human race). Can you think of any dictators, besides Adolf Hitler, who had absolute control over their country?
3 During the second world war, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's Fascist party shared extremist ideas with the Nazis. Do research on Fascism and compare the two notorious wartime totalitarian regimes.
Match the following words with their meanings on the right.
a felt sorrow or regret for one's past actions
b feeble; in poor health
c very dirty and unpleasant
d shameful; disgraceful
e people who are blamed or punished for the wrongdoing of others
Fill in the blanks with the words you have learned.
7 Napoleon's _____________________________ defeat in the Battle of Waterloo put an end to his rule.
8 The criminal _____________________________ for his killings on his deathbed.
9 The _____________________________ old man has difficulty crossing the road.
10 It is estimated that thousands ________________________ during the floods.
11 The poor family live in _____________________________ conditions in their squatter hut.
12 Peter and Tom were made the _____________________________ after their boss botched a business deal.
1. f, 2. c, 3. a, 4. d, 5. e, 6. b, 7. ignominious 8. repented 9. frail 10. perished 11. squalid 12. scapegoats