As the name says, ice cream is frozen cream or milk, usually cow's milk. It is usually flavoured with sugar or fruit. But it can also be made from goat's milk or even soy milk.
Until we had electricity and fridges, few people could eat ice cream. In the old days, only very rich people could afford it. This was because making ice cream was difficult. Refrigeration was invented in 1870. This made it easier to make ice cream.
Ice cream for everybody
The first ice cream shop in England opened in 1851. As ice cream became popular, ice cream makers made it cheaper and softer. But in the 1980s some ice cream makers began to go back to the older ways of making ice cream. The most famous companies to start doing this were Ben & Jerry's and Haagen-Dazs.
From ancient times
Long before there were fridges, people in olden times used to keep winter ice for the summer. The Egyptians used to have ice shipped to them. In ancient Iran, they made a dish from ice and herbs.
In first century AD, the Roman emperor enjoyed a dish made of snow topped with fruit. Although this was not ice cream, dishes like this were the beginning of ice cream. The first real recipe for ice cream was published in 1718 in England.
The invention of the ice cream cone helped make ice cream popular. The ice cream cone first appeared in a recipe book in 1888 in Britain. Before this, ice cream was served in glasses. English people called the cones 'penny licks'. In the beginning ice cream cones were rolled by hand. But in 1912, an American invented a machine to make them. Today, famous ice cream makers such as Ben & Jerry's make their own cones.
now do this
1 Very few people could eat ice cream before the invention of ...
2 The big step in making ice cream so popular was ...
a. the opening of big companies such as Ben & Jerry's and Haagen-Dazs
b. the invention of industrial refrigeration
c. the invention of the ice cream cone
3 The first ice cream cones sold in Britain were called ...
a. penny licks
b. sundae treats
c. ice on a cone