Project 211 (Chinese: 211工程; pinyin: 211 gōngchéng) is a project of National Key Universities and colleges initiated in 1995 by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, with the intent of raising the research standards of high-level universities and cultivating strategies for socio-economic development. During the first phase of the project, from 1996 to 2000, approximately US$2.2 billion was distributed.
China today has more than 1,700 standard institutions of higher education, with about 6 percent of them being 211 Project institutions (having met certain scientific, technical, and human resources standards and offer advanced degree programs). 211 Project schools take on the responsibility of training four-fifths of doctoral students, two-thirds of graduate students, half of students from abroad and one-third of undergraduates. They offer 85% of the state's key subjects, hold 96 percent of the state's key laboratories, and utilize 70% of scientific research funding.
The name for the project comes from an abbreviation of the 21st century and 100 (approximately participating universities).
China first on Japanese leader's travel plans
Japan's new prime minister, Naoto Kan, will visit Shanghai on Saturday on his first overseas visit in that role, the website of the People's Daily reports.
Kan would visit Japan's World Expo site and also go to Beijing to meet President Hu Jintao , the news website said.
Professor Guo Dingping, of Fudan University in Shanghai, said Kan's visit was a good thing because of his friendly attitude towards China and was a 'significant, welcomed measure'. 'He's always been friendly to China and attaches importance to the ties between the two countries,' Guo said.
'Right now is an essential opportunity for him to do some substantial things to benefit Sino-Japanese relations.
'That is because he has been thinking about improving relations for many years and he has domestic public support at present.'