Little impact seen from Japan, Mideast crises
Japan's earthquake and instability in the Middle East should not cost Hong Kong more than HK$48.5 billion in lost exports this year - or the equivalent of about 1.6 per cent of total exports last year - the Trade Development Council said yesterday.
While a disruption to the supply chain for electronic parts will hurt Hong Kong's re-exports to the mainland and to other countries, its effect is expected to last only through the second and third quarters, before revival is seen in the fourth quarter.
Japan is Hong Kong's third-largest export market.
Commenting on the Middle East unrest, TDC assistant chief economist Dickson Ho Tak-kuen said 11 countries in the region accounted for less than 0.6 per cent of Hong Kong's total exports, but the political upheaval could hit oil prices.
'There is no real oil shortage at present, and the escalation in oil prices stemmed mainly from a surge in trading of oil futures, which is caused by worries over Saudi Arabia. But there will be a big problem [in oil supply] if things get out of control there,' he said.
Ho said the council did not consider this likely at this stage given a multibillion-dollar package of reforms, pay rises and cash payouts by Saudi Arabia's king to appease popular unrest. Saudi Arabia produces about nine million barrels of oil a day, compared to about 1.6 million barrels from Libya. 'Every US$10 rise in oil prices is expected to slash a country's [gross domestic product] growth by just 0.2 per cent - that does not sound too bad,' Ho said.
The council predicted earlier that export growth in Hong Kong would slow to 8 per cent this year from 22.8 per cent in 2010 as a result of a faltering global economic recovery. The impact of the March 11 disaster in Japan could further slow export growth to just 6.4 per cent this year, although it remained strong during the first two months at over 25 per cent.
Donna Kwok, HSBC Global Research's economist for Greater China, said it was too early to estimate the impact now. 'If Japan could resume its production line by the end of April, the disaster's impact on global trading would be low. Right now, we still maintain our estimate of 10.8 per cent export growth for the coming year.'
But Ho said that even if some of the power facilities returned to normal, it was uncertain if it could meet the increased summer demand.