Treatments and tools of the trade

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 27 September, 2011, 12:00am
UPDATED : Tuesday, 27 September, 2011, 12:00am



- Many therapies involve therapeutic massage, manual therapy, stretch and traction manipulation, electrotherapy, electric heat pads, diathermy (short-wave frequency electromagnetic) waves and administering ultrasound waves - to topical or related areas.

- Dry needling is a recent addition.

- Active exercise and/or stretching are recommended.


- All therapy focuses on balancing qi - the flow of inner energy and the 'coolness' or 'heat' in a patient. A massage and manipulation system called tui na includes rubbing techniques to generate heat, when necessary.

- Meridians - qi pathways and acupressure or energy points - are also manipulated, sometimes for local benefit but often to conduct relief or benefit to another part of the body, linked by meridians.

- In providing local or corresponding benefits, these are often used: suction cups (for cupping), dried medicinal herb sticks (for moxibustion) and acupuncture needles.