Sun Hung Kai Properties
Sun Hung Kai Properties is one of Hong Kong’s largest property groups, with revenue of HK$68.4 billion in the 2011-2012 financial year, and profit attributable to shareholders of HK$43.08 billion. The company has been shaken in recent years by disputes between family members, with chairman and chief executive Walter Kwok being forced to step down in a dispute with his brothers Thomas and Raymond. In March, the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) arrested senior officials as part of a corruption probe that also included former chief secretary Rafael Hui.
Appoint new directors, analysts urge SHKP
Like many family-run businesses, the troubled Sun Hung Kai Properties empire has been run by a coterie of relatives and friends for decades.
Now, with its top management under investigation by the anti-graft commission, the city's biggest developer has been urged to bring in new blood through appointing executive directors to its management board
Analysts say that will help tackle the governance crisis it now faces after the brothers who run the company were arrested by the Independent Commission Against Corruption. They have not been charged.
'The arrested executive directors should be suspended from their duties temporarily,' said Kwan Cheuk-chiu, a commentator and former associate professor of economics at Chinese University. 'They are still involved in company decisions but for the sake of the image of the company, they should leave and appoint someone else.'
The joint chairmen of Sun Hung Kai Properties, Thomas Kwok Ping-kwong, 60, and Raymond Kwok Ping-luen, 58, were arrested last Thursday along with former chief secretary Rafael Hui Si-yan over allegations of bribery and misconduct in public office.
The Kwok brothers are among seven executive directors of the company, including Thomas Chan Kui-yuen, who was also arrested by the ICAC last month in an investigation into alleged corruption connected to the Kwoks' case.
Adding to woes at the top echelons of the company was the death of 79-year-old Chan Kai-ming, an executive director since 1981, a day before the Kwoks were arrested.
The remaining executive directors are 82-year-old Kwong Chun, who is the brother of the Kwoks' elderly mother Kwong Siu-hing, long-serving staff member Mike Wong Chik-wing, 56, as well as chief financial officer Patrick Chan Kwok-wai, 55.
'For family-run corporations, the family members are always the core of the management and in this case, the younger ones are now getting into trouble,' Kwan said. 'The rest of the directors are quite old and many non-executive directors are family friends and have been sitting on the board for a long time.'
He suggested the company appoint an acting chairman, ideally former chairwoman Kwong Siu-hing, and some experienced staff or younger family members as executive directors. At the same time, it could appoint retired judges or lawyers as independent non-executive directors to enhance the company's image as a healthy and well-governed organisation.
Sun Hung Kai Properties has six non-executive directors, with the youngest aged 59. They include the eldest brother and former chairman Walter Kwok Ping-sheung, 61, who left the company after clashing with his brothers in 2008 and attended none of the four board meetings in the financial year to June.
The other non-executive directors include 84-year-old Lee Shau-kee, the head of Henderson Land Development who is a close family friend of the Kwoks and a business partner of Sun Hung Kai Properties' founder Kwok Tak-seng, and 82-year-old Woo Po-shing.
There are four independent non-executive directors - University of Hong Kong economics professor Richard Wong Yue-chim, former lawmaker Eric Li Ka-cheung, Dicky Yip and William Fung Kwok-lun, the deputy chairman of Li & Fung.
JP Morgan said in a report that the worst-case scenario was that the two chairmen were charged and found guilty. 'We could see SHKP's strategic decision-making power impacted for a period,' analyst Lucia Kwong wrote.
David Webb, a shareholder activist, said earlier if the ICAC filed charges against Thomas and Raymond Kwok, they would be preoccupied with their defence and might not be suitable to continue their duties as chairmen.