• Tue
  • Sep 23, 2014
  • Updated: 3:59pm

Superskyscrapers once more the height of fashion

Plans for a 1,600-metre tower revive memories of previous booms for tall buildings, which each coincided with world financial slumps

PUBLISHED : Monday, 01 July, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Monday, 01 July, 2013, 2:24am

The global skyline may be in for some radical changes as developers set their goals higher in a fresh race to the top.

The Saudi billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, who owns the Savoy hotel in London, reportedly plans to build a 1,600-metre skyscraper, and one of the cities he is looking at is Shanghai, together with London, Moscow and New York.

If built, the tower would be double the height of the world's current tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 828 metres high, and three times as tall as Hong Kong's tallest building, the International Commerce Centre in Kowloon, which is 484 metres tall.

The prince's dream project would also be taller than the 1,000-metre Kingdom Tower, itself almost twice as high as Hong Kong's Victoria Peak (552m), now being built by Kingdom Holding in the Saudi Arabian city of Jeddah, which will unseat the Burj Khalifa from its perch when completed.

Closer to home, the Hunan-based developer Broad Group, known for making giant air-conditioning systems, has drawn up plans to build a 838-metre building, Sky City, in Changsha, capital of Hunan province.

Though Sky City cannot hope to take the top slot in high-rise rankings, Broad Group is aiming for a different crown - speed. In November, the group announced that it would complete the 220-storey building in just 90 days.

Property experts, however, are not particularly impressed by this global high-rise competition.

Richard Kirke, managing director of Colliers International Hong Kong, said: "Extremely high office towers require so much additional structural reinforcements that over a certain height, the returns become uneconomic. The motivation is typically not economic.

"My belief is that this desire to build ever-higher buildings by a small number of global developers is a reflection of their wealth."

Building these needle towers is no small feat, as they involve serious technical and design challenges.

"It could be very dangerous in times of earthquakes or typhoons," said Bernard Lim Wan-fung, a professor at Chinese University's school of architecture.

"It's not practical. Would you want to move into one of those? I definitely won't."

In a report called Skyscraper Index , the investment bank Barclays Capital found an ominous link between the pursuit of the tallest and financial crises. It cited the examples of New York in 1930, Chicago in 1974, Kuala Lumpur in 1997 and Dubai in 2010, when competition to build the tallest tower coincided with economic meltdown.

Barclays said the completion of the current tallest, the Burj Khalifa, in 2010 coincided with the global financial crisis. It said that such building booms reflect widespread misallocation of capital and an impending economic correction.

However, Kirke said the latest construction boom was not a reflection of the current market conditions.

"The impact of a few exceptionally tall buildings to the office market will doubtlessly have a significant impact on local supply levels, but will not be significant in a macro level," he said.


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When I was younger, I felt a certain sense of hope and pride in HK—It was Asia ex-Japan’s preeminent city. What I see today is but a shadow of its former self—a city without vision burdened by looming stagnation, inflexibility, and inequality.
Tall buildings have historically been a sign of prosperity and great prestige. Before 1989, practically none of the world’s tallest buildings were outside of North America. In 1990, the completion of the Bank of China Tower suddenly propelled HK into the top 3 of the world’s tallest buildings. It was an immense boost to prestige and a reflection of the meteoric rise of the city’s prosperity and development. The 374m Central Plaza in 1992—just 10m short of taking the number two spot and an omen of things to come—gave HK 3rd and 4th place. However, HK was down to 8th and 9th place by 2002. A semi comeback was made with Two IFC in 2002, but at a paltry 412m it was only good enough for 5th place.
Unexpectedly, Malaysia and Taiwan took the top spots in 1998 and 2004 respectively with the 452m Petronas Twin Towers and 508m Taipei 101.
So when the ICC was initially proposed at 574m with a completion date around 2007, it was probably HK’s best and most realistic hope to achieve the number 1 spot. Our golden chance to be a global leader instead of a follower. Depressingly, perhaps as a result of a lack of strategic vision and hopeless inertia embodied by conservatism and tradition, the HK government enforced “height restrictions” requiring a redesign of the tower to the present mediocrity of 484m, which, to add insult to injury, was not even good enough to place in the top 3 upon completion.


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