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  • Apr 17, 2014
  • Updated: 2:35pm
Jake's View
PUBLISHED : Thursday, 31 October, 2013, 2:52am
UPDATED : Thursday, 31 October, 2013, 4:30pm

The young and the restless star on public housing list

It's fine if the under-30s want to spread their wings, but they can do so on their own without clogging a system designed to help the needy

Today a series of excerpts on the waiting list for public housing from the appendices of last month's Long Term Housing Strategy Consultation Document:

"According to administrative record, 31,700 non-elderly one-person applicants were newly registered on the WL (waiting list) in 2011/12, accounting for 51% of all new registrations during the year. At the first quarter of 2012, the number of non-elderly one-person applicants reached 88,300, representing 47% of all WL applicants."

In just two months these figures will be two years out of date, which is pushing it a little for what is meant to be a super-big public consultation. Given the trends, however, I think it certain that more than half the waiting list is now consisted of young singles.

"The average age of the newly registered non-elderly one-person applicants gradually declined from 37 in 2008 to 30 in 2012. This was mainly due to the increasing proportion of those aged below 30, which rose from 34% to 64% in the period."

Take note of how rapidly the age of new applicants dropped in just four years with all the under-30s coming in. At this rate we shall pretty soon have to rename it the student housing waiting list.

"45% of the non-elderly one-person applicants lived in private permanent housing while 23% lived in subsidised sale flats and 29% in PRH (public rental housing). Around 2% of them lived in temporary housing, quarters, institutions, etc."

I shall accept that most of these people still live in their parents' homes and have legitimate aspirations to their own. However, this still leaves the debate as one of housing independence rather than of housing shortage. Only 2 per cent of these younger singles do not already live in formal permanent housing.

"34% of the non-elderly one-person applicants had post-secondary education or above. The corresponding proportion for those aged below 30 steadily increased from 40% in 2010 to 55% in 2012."

The Housing Authority should put some effort into weeding them out of the list

The steering committee for the consultation did not miss the obvious point about this statistic. These people have good prospects of upward mobility, it said, and on graduation are likely to enjoy incomes exceeding the limit for the waiting list. The Housing Authority should put some effort into weeding them out of the list. Public housing should be reserved for people with greater need. Yes indeed.

"23% of the non-elderly one-person applicants were students at the time of registration. The corresponding percentage was 43% for those aged below 30."

Ditto.

"For non-elderly one-person applicants, 'want to live alone' remained as the main reason for applying PRH. In 2012, 68% of the non-elderly one-person applicants quoted this reason. The corresponding percentage for those aged below 30 was 76%."

I fully appreciate the sentiment. People in their 20s want to spread their wings and don't want to live with Mom and Dad any longer. It's natural. But what I don't see is why this should be made an obligation on other people without even the slightest family connection. Spread your wings indeed, kids. Spread them yourselves. You haven't really left the nest unless you have left it on your own.

"Around 30% of the non-elderly one-person applicants quoted 'small living area of present accommodation' as the reason for applying for PRH. On the other hand, 22% of those aged 30 or above quoted the reason of 'high rent of present accommodation'".

How odd that the attraction of public housing should be availability of more space.

But with average floor area per occupant now running at 13 square metres, up from an initial target of seven, it just may be true for many people.

Once again, however, this moves the focus of the debate away from homelessness. It's now convenience.

And as to that "high rent of present accommodation", the Housing Authority's latest annual report reveals that the average rent for a public housing flat is just HK$1,223 a month.

Of course anything else looks high in relation.

So there you have it.

More than half the waiting list is made up of young singles who are disproportionately well educated with good career prospects and who already live in decent homes but want to be fully independent and are attracted to public housing by its relative spaciousness and low rents.

Methinks that perhaps the dire housing shortage is not really so dire.

jake.vanderkamp@scmp.com

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This article is now closed to comments

tobychun
It would be interesting to further break up those figures between males and females. Hong Kong is indeed a special and unique place with its own peculiar set of problems both economically and socially. Again, both Jake and most of the commentators here, are jumping to conclusions solely based on economic principles and preconceived prejudices. We all know that just because you have a good education it doesn't mean you can easily move up economically in Hong Kong given the astronomical property prices. Furthermore, we are all ignoring the social and psychological effects of the size of housing, and when coupled with the astronomical cost, how this further affects the economic capacity of our population. These statistics don't just point to the potential obvious problem that we have people trying to take advantage of the system. I think if we look deeper we will find more to this than meets the eye. Perhaps Jake or the SCMP can tackle this.
caractacus
Mark Twain is generally credited with an expression which applies to your chart and graph based ananysis, Jake: "There are lies, damned lies and statistics."
sammckhk
Not all under 30's have parents like you who bought their daughter a former home ownership scheme flat to live in... Good value you said....
johnyuan
sammckhk,
I am not sure if your post is directing mine. But I will take this opportunity to make an additional point.
.
Hong Kong people all must think outside the box to deal with the intractable problems. Here, providing housing for the 30 years old and under doesn't mean that ownership of a flat is the only way to get a flat. Rent one or one with a roommate. So let us focus on affordability in renting .... so on and so forth till a problem is resolved.
.
BTW, Hong Kong's housing problem is a unique one in the world. But much is man-made or more correctly self-made in ironically making housing as property as a central focus in the economy. If there is a collective will, housing problem can be resolved. Let us see what CY Leung can do.
.
It is the second time for Leung to try to make housing affordable. The first time it was helping Chief Excecutive Tung with the 80,000 flats proposal. Remember? I believe CY Leung has his heart in providing adequate housing who needs it. Believe me.
johnyuan
If affordable housing for those 30 and under which comprises nearly half of the total applicants for public housing unwilling to be provided by private property developers, let the government's public housing fill in the gap. I am proposing to denial the business opportunity otherwise business as usual. A definition change in the classification in housing need shouldn't be used to suppress government in catching up its public housing supply.
.
And give land priority for building public housing by government and affordable housing by private property developers.
johnyuan
‘I shall accept that most of these people still live in their parents' homes and have legitimate aspirations to their own. However, this still leaves the debate as one of housing independence rather than of housing shortage. Only 2 per cent of these younger singles do not already live in formal permanent housing.’
I will not split hair between housing independence from housing shortage. They serve the same need for housing. Here what being cited of those under 30 who already has a roof above their head don’t mean wanting that roof not to be shared with others shouldn’t be counted. Independence is indeed a human trait and a condition to become mature. The low birth rate in Hong Kong perhaps by and large in part is caused by housing shortage to these young singles. Never mind they can’t get enough space for a family of their own, they can’t even bring a future spouse to temporary cohabitate. Very unlikely such move will take place under the watchful eyes in their parents’ shoebox flat. Denial of housing is a denial of existence and a total violation of human rights.
.
Hong Kong needs to reform its housing. Drop the culture seeing property as a main economy. It should be more utilitarian so everyone who needs a flat can affordably obliged. I will never forget what LKS once said that, “Real estate property (when misused) is like sugar dumplings in sugar water.’ Yes, other than money and more money in that bowl but there is nothing else to make our life more complete.
keresearch
So you agree that we should subsidize everyone over 18 to have their own flat. I think you protestations of humanity would have even more credibility if you set the example. Promise us that you will offer to pay the mortgage for the first person you meet on the MTR today. It is after all a human right. If you do that I may consider following.
johnyuan
keresearch,
Living with parents for grownups is not ideal. In Hong Kong it is forced to do so. So what do you think? Having 18 years old living by themselves is too shocking? Not for me.
keresearch
I asked your to put YOUR money where your mouth is, or at least where it should be. You set the example. Yet you ignore the question posed.
Advocating that society gives a multi million dollar life time benefit to an eighteen year old when we don't even have a modest old age pension would indicate that, in fact, your are talking at of altenrative **** other than your mouth
.
johnyuan
keresearch,
I am not too sure what you wrote. All I can guess is that you can't really focus on an issue.

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