China Construction Bank
Founded in 1954 as the People’s Construction Bank of China, China Construction Bank is one of the 'big four' banks in the People's Republic of China. The other three are Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Bank of China and Agricultural Bank of China. In 2011 CCB was the second largest bank in the world by market capitalisation and 13th largest company in the world.
CCB expects loan quality to remain stable this year
Construction Bank says the worst is behind it, after suffering rising bad loans last year
Jane Cai in Beijing and Kanis Li
The worst is over for China Construction Bank (CCB) in terms of piling up bad loans, after the collapse of a slew of manufacturing businesses last year dented the lender's assets.
CCB's non-performing loans rose three billion yuan to four billion yuan over last year to 74.6 billion yuan (HK$92.2 billion). More than six billion yuan of bad loans were booked as losses, said chief financial officer Zeng Jianhua.
Zhang Jianguo, president of CCB, the mainland's second-largest lender by assets, said he expects asset quality to "remain stable" this year.
"Bad loans rose last year mainly because the economic transformation hit some companies in the Yangtze River Delta, especially those in Zhejiang province. The worst is over now," he said.
Mainland manufacturers were hit hard by sluggish external demand and rising land and labour costs at home. The central government is looking to engineer an economic restructuring to increase the economy's reliance on domestic consumption and shift focus to industries with higher added value.
"As the economy has entered an era of single-digit growth, banks should seek a more prudent development model," Zhang said, after the lender's financial report was released on Sunday showing its net profit grew 14 per cent last year - the slowest since 2006.
"2013 will be a less difficult year compared with 2012." chairman Wang Hongzhang said at a press conference in Hong Kong.
The continuing interest rate liberalisation may dent its net interest margin "slightly" this year, Zhang said, as the lender re-prices deposits and loans.
The central bank, for the first time, last summer allowed lenders to offer deposit rates up to 10 percentage points higher than benchmark rates, and loan rates up to 30 percentage points lower.
Wang said interest rate liberalisation will lead to a change in banks' operating structure.
"This will be a challenge, but won't lead to a situation where the banks cannot earn any money," he said, adding that the earlier the liberalisation takes place, the better it is for the industry.
CCB's net interest margin, or the spread between funding costs and lending income, edged up 0.05 percentage point to 2.75 per cent last year.
Loan demand so far this year has been robust, according to senior executives.
The bank has worked out a plan to help finance the mainland's urbanisation drive. It will focus on helping to fund first-time homebuyers and various infrastructure projects, said the executives.