Libor (London interbank offered rate), is meant to represent how much banks pay to borrow from one another. It is also a benchmark for at least US$550 trillion worth of contracts spanning interest rate derivatives to residential mortgages. A scandal erupted after banks were found to be rigging the system. Barclays was fined US$453 million by global regulators in June 2012 for manipulating Libor, and UBS was hit with a US$1.5 billion bill in December 2012. In February 2013, RBS was fined US$612 million to settle US and UK regulatory charges of misconduct, manipulation, attempted manipulation and false reporting of yen, Swiss franc and dollar-denominated Libor.
3 Rabobank ex-traders charged with manipulation of yen Libor
Three former traders at Dutch lender Rabobank were criminally charged on Monday with manipulating the yen Libor benchmark interest rate, the US Department of Justice said.
Two former traders of Japanese yen derivatives and a third trader responsible for setting the bank’s yen London interbank offered rate were accused of submitting fraudulent rates to benefit their trading positions, the department said.
In October, Rabobank paid US$1 billion to resolve US and European probes into rate-rigging allegations, making it the fifth bank punished in the scandal that has swept the industry.
A federal judge in New York signed a criminal complaint charging Paul Robson, a senior trader in London; Paul Thompson, who ran a trading desk in Singapore; and Tetsuya Motomura, a senior trader and supervisor on the bank’s Tokyo desk, the department said. Charges included wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud, it said.
The three men charged could not be immediately reached for comment.
The Libor rates that oil the wheels of global finance are an average rate at which a panel of banks say they could borrow money. The manipulation of related benchmarks has resulted in US$3.7 billion in fines to date.
“The illegal manipulation of this cornerstone benchmark rate undermines the integrity of the markets; it harms those who are relying on what they expect to be an honest benchmark; and it has ripple effects that extend far beyond the trading at issue here,” said Mythili Raman, who is acting head of the Justice Department’s criminal division.
The department describes the three working with each other and other traders to move the rate between 2006 and 2011.
When one trader asks Robson in a September 2007 e-mail for a higher yen rate, Robson replies: “sure no prob … I’ll probably get a few phone calls but no worries mate … there’s bigger crooks in the market than us guys!”
At times Robson describes the skewed submission as “embarrassing”, “ridiculously high” and “obscenely high”, the Justice Department said.
US criminal prosecutors have previously charged five other traders or brokers over similar conduct, but all remain overseas.
The defendants could face up to 30 years in prison, but it is unclear if prosecutors will be able to bring them to the United States to face the charges.