The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation was founded in Hong Kong on March 3, 1865, and in Shanghai one month later. In 1980, HSBC acquired 51 per cent of Marine Midland Bank, buying the rest in 1987. HSBC Holdings was established in Britain in 1991 as the parent of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation ahead of its purchase of the UK-based Midland Bank and the impending 1997 transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from Britain to China.
HSBC targets higher lending margins
HSBC is eyeing higher margins in its Hong Kong lending operations this year amid a tightening of market liquidity due to the tapering of quantitative easing and stricter liquidity requirements of the local regulator.
The leading bank in the city, which saw 13 per cent growth in loans last year, aims to maintain the double-digit growth rate, according to Anita Fung Yuen-mei, chief executive of HSBC's Hong Kong office.
Banks with the bulk of their funds as customer deposits suffered in the ultra-low interest rate environment as excess liquidity drove them to offer cheap credit to compete with rivals for business volume, which in turn pushed down net interest margins, a gauge of lending profitability.
Net interest margins of Hong Kong retail banks fell nearly a third to 1.41 per cent from the beginning of 2008 until now, according to Hong Kong Monetary Authority data.
"The competition on lending will be more rational among the banks," Fung said at a briefing on Friday. "And we saw some improvements in the [downward pressure] on trade-related loans." This in turn helped offset the pressure on lending margins.
Fung noted that the margin on trade financing business fell by a third last year, due to keen competition in an environment of excess liquidity. The net interest margin for HSBC Hong Kong edged up 0.02 percentage point to 1.55 per cent last year.
Due to accelerated loan growth in the first two months, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority brought forward its deadline for banks to review their lending policy from June to the end of March, prompting banks to fight for more deposits to sustain their asset growth.
"Banks will remain cautious on their liquidity flow and loan-deposit ratio [this year]," Fung said.
HSBC, the London-based banking giant that reported sluggish growth last year , relies on Hong Kong to drive its earnings. The pre-tax profit generated by HSBC Hong Kong is larger than the profit from the bank's operations in the United States and Britain. The group's underlying revenue only rose 2.7 per cent last year, compared with a 10 per cent increase in the Hong Kong operation. It contributed 36 per cent of the group's pre-tax profit.
Fung said the Hong Kong operation would keep looking for talent to grow its business. Including the local unit, Hang Seng Bank, HSBC had a net gain of more than 600 staff in Hong Kong last year, representing employee growth of more than 2 per cent, compared with a roughly 3 per cent reduction in headcount for the entire group, she said.
New hirings were mainly in the frontline and compliance operations, she said, adding that the bank would keep hiring for these positions this year, without giving a target number.
The bank employed more than 28,000 people in Hong Kong at the end of last year.