HNA’s 2017 borrowing costs surge to record, topping all Asian companies
HNA Group’s interest expenses surged to a record last year, topping all other non-financial companies in Asia and illustrating why the once-acquisitive Chinese conglomerate had to dump more than US$13 billion of assets in the past four months.
Borrowing costs surged to 32.1 billion yuan (US$5.1 billion) in 2017 from 20.2 billion yuan a year earlier, according to figures derived from an annual report released Friday. Earnings before interest and taxes rose too but not enough to cover the payments -- a rarity for a non-financial company with assets of over US$100 billion.
The report, which also showed an increase in overall debt, provides the most extensive details yet of HNA’s financial distress before it began offloading property from Hong Kong to New York, and selling shares in companies from Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. to Deutsche Bank AG in 2018. More disposals are on the way, as HNA still has put up more than US$7 billion in real estate and stock for sale, according to a Bloomberg tally.
The disposals have been emblematic of China’s sudden loss of appetite for foreign trophy assets. HNA and other acquisitive Chinese conglomerates such as Anbang Insurance Group, Dalian Wanda Group and CEFC China Energy are now hunkering down after going on a multiyear buying binge gobbling up everything from New York’s Waldorf Astoria hotel to large stakes in Deutsche Bank.
Yet the reversal of HNA’s empire-building ways has stood out. In the face of a liquidity crunch, HNA was said to have told Chinese lenders early this year that it planned to sell about US$16 billion in assets during the first half of 2018. The group is on its way, having disposed of US$13 billion this year, with the biggest being the US$6 billion sale of its Hilton Worldwide stake.
The disposals have helped improve investor sentiment on HNA. Some of the conglomerate’s bonds -- including a dollar-denominated one due in December and a local note due next year -- are headed for their sharpest three-month increases ever. Also, Chinese President Xi Jinping recently announced measures to bolster the economy in HNA’s home base of Hainan, which could benefit the embattled group.
Yet challenges abound. The probability of an HNA default in the coming year touched a 10-month high of 0.6 per cent this month, according to the Bloomberg Default Risk model, and the group faces record bond repayments in the second half. Analysts at Bondcritic and Australia & New Zealand Banking Group have recently said that it’s unclear whether HNA’s problems are behind it.
Short-term debts climbed 25 per cent last year to 192.6 billion yuan. That exceeded what HNA’s cash and earnings could cover, illustrating the urgency of its liquidity needs. While this year’s asset sales give HNA some breathing room, the company still faces of the challenge of regaining the trust of its lenders to help bring down borrowing costs.
Total debt climbed 21 per cent last year to 598.2 billion yuan, or 20 times its earnings before interest and taxes (Ebit), while net income was only 0.2 per cent of assets. Those ratios ranked the Chinese group among the worst globally for non-financial companies of its size, while interest expenses ranked No. 1 in Asia, according to data compiled by Bloomberg as of Friday.