Sony Corporation originated with an electronics shop set up in 1946 in Tokyo, and was officially christened Sony in 1958. Sony gained a reputation for innovation with the launch of the Betamax videocassette recording format and the introduction of the Walkman in 1979. Although its market share has been eroded by products from Samsung Electronics and Apple.
Sony pressed for response on spin-off plan at shareholder meet
Sony’s biggest shareholder wants company to use money from spinning off entertainment division to boost hardware division
Reuters in Tokyo
Sony shareholders pressed its chief executive on Thursday for a response to a proposal by hedge fund Third Point to spin off its profitable entertainment business, aiming to invigorate its struggling electronics business.
Sony chief executive Kazuo Hirai told an annual shareholders’ meeting that the company would carefully consider the proposal by Daniel Loeb, the billionaire hedge fund manager of Third Point and Sony’s top shareholder.
“Our entertainment division will remain an important part of Sony’s business,” Hirai said. “The board will continue to discuss Third Point’s proposals and we will reach an appropriate decision.”
Loeb wants Sony to spin off as much as one-fifth of the electronics empire’s profitable entertainment unit and use the proceeds to strengthen its hardware division.
His suggestion, likely to stay on the radar for months, strikes at the heart of whether Sony remains both a consumer electronics maker and a provider of music, movies and TV programmes.
At Thursday’s meeting, attended by thousands of shareholders, Hirai said it was important for Sony’s board to thoroughly and carefully consider the proposal and to seek outside input, without rushing for the sake of reaching a decision quickly.
“This is a very big proposal aimed at Sony’s important business,” he said. “I understand this to be a very important proposal that involves what Sony is now and what Sony will be in the future.”
Sony’s strategy to merge content and hardware in a unified company, which kicked off 24 years ago with the purchase of Columbia Pictures, has failed to deliver the synergies it promised, Loeb argued this week in his second letter addressed to Hirai.
Loeb’s call to awaken Sony’s “sleeping giant” - an entertainment business that generates 37 per cent of its operating profit with popular artists such as Beyonce and hit franchises like Spider-Man - may be compelling for shareholders.
Loeb is expected to keep pressing his case with Sony’s board and, if no action is taken, will have the right as a major shareholder to eventually call an extraordinary shareholders’ meeting.
With his proposal, Loeb is trying to repeat his success last year at Yahoo Inc, which he took on in a lengthy and eventually bitter proxy fight that triggered a boardroom shakeout.
Sony, with a market capitalisation of US$21 billion, has long been a pillar of Japan and a pioneer in the electronics industry. But it has lost market share - and its innovative edge - to aggressive rivals such as South Korea’s Samsung Electronics and Apple as they churn out blockbuster products.
Highlighting the challenge to reviving consumer electronics as a profit centre, Sony in May scaled down its sales targets for digital cameras and PCs for the year to end-March 2015 and chopped the operating profit margin goal for the PlayStation game business for that year to 2 per cent from 8 per cent.
“Fundamentally, the problem is what to do with the electronics division,” said Mitsushige Akino, chief fund manager for Ichiyoshi Investment Management in Tokyo.
“If they don’t strengthen that, there’s no point. So the hedge fund’s suggestion is one way to do that.”
Adding pressure on Sony to consider his proposals, Loeb’s $13 billion fund said this week it increased its stake in Sony to 70 million shares, or about 7 per cent.
Third Point’s suggestions are not on the agenda for a shareholder vote at Thursday’s meeting. Shareholders instead will be considering relatively non-controversial management changes including former Sony CEO Howard Stringer’s retirement from the largely ceremonial post of chairman of the board.
Annual shareholders’ meetings in Japan are typically dominated by questions from individual investors, often airing grievances about company management but rarely leading to changes in management policy or strategy.
It is still unclear how much support Loeb’s plan might win among major Sony shareholders. So far, none has come out either in favour or opposed.
Sony shares are up more than 7 per cent since Loeb sent his first letter to Hirai with his proposals on May 14. They surged to a two-year high of 2,300 yen in the week that followed the proposals, boosted by a media report that said Sony was considering them.