Money laundering law could extend to non-financial firms
Client due diligence needs likely to be extended to non-financial sector, including accounting and law firms, in anti-money-laundering push
The Hong Kong government is expected to extend the law against money laundering - now applicable only to the financial sector - to lawyers, accountants, property agencies and jewellery shops, industry observers say.
If the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance (Amlo) is extended to these sectors, the number of suspicious transactions they report is likely to increase, said Simon Deane, a partner at Deacons, one of Hong Kong's oldest law firms.
"I would expect there to be a spike in the number of reports filed with the Joint Financial Intelligence Unit from some of these sectors, because they would be obliged by law to conduct client due diligence," Deane said.
The ordinance, which took effect in April 2012, covers banks, securities companies and insurance firms, as well as money service operators (remittance agents and foreign exchange firms).
Deane said it was possible that the law would be extended to other sectors, like lawyers, property agents, jewellers and accountants.
The government appears to be willing to do so.
A spokeswoman for the Financial Services and Treasury Bureau said: "We will consider appropriate regulatory or legislative measures to enhance the anti-money-laundering and counter-financing-of-terrorism standards for non-financial businesses in Hong Kong."
The government had been working closely with those in non-financial businesses, including lawyers, accountants, trust and company service providers, estate agents and dealers of jewellery, in implementing anti-money-laundering and counter-financing-of-terrorism measures, she said.
It was in "close dialogue with the relevant professional organisations, including intensive efforts in collaboration with these organisations, to enhance practitioners' awareness" about the measures, the spokeswoman said.
Deacons has made nine reports about suspicious transactions since 2010, an increase from previous years, Deane said. "A big money-laundering challenge that many solicitors' firms have encountered over recent years is where mainland clients attempt to deposit large amounts of cash into the firms' accounts with their banks' New Territories branches to settle fees or in payment for property purchases," he said.
The rise in reports of suspicious financial transactions by law firms in Hong Kong, including Deacons, was largely due to the Law Society's Practice Direction P, introduced in 2009, which requires solicitors and registered foreign lawyers to conduct anti-money-laundering due diligence into clients, Deane said. Unlike Amlo, Practice Direction P was not legally binding, he said.
Michael Thomas, North Asia director of Wolters Kluwer, which provides information services to professionals, said: "Amlo has been a game changer in Hong Kong. The effect of Amlo is the only way people can protect themselves is to report everything that is mildly suspicious. That's why there has been a huge jump in reports of suspicious transactions since Amlo took effect in 2012."
The number of reports to police of suspicious financial transactions rose 40 per cent to 33,000 last year, the South China Morning Post reported earlier. The Financial Investigations Division of the Narcotics Bureau initiated 349 investigations in 2013, up 41.9 per cent from the 246 in 2012.
Amlo requires that banks, insurance companies and securities firms conduct due diligence into their clients, while previously this was not mandated by law.
Bankers could be jailed if they did not comply with Amlo, while a bank could lose its licence if it consistently failed to do due diligence on its clients or report suspicious transactions, Deane said.
Wilson Lai, market manager at Wolters Kluwer, said Amlo might be extended to non-financial sectors in the medium to long term rather than the short term, because it would create extra costs for those sectors.