US payrolls spike, give Obama election boost
US employers stepped up hiring in October and the jobless rate ticked higher as more workers restarted job hunts, a hopeful sign for a lackluster economy that has dragged on President Barack Obama’s re-election chances.
Employers added 171,000 people to their payrolls last month, the Labour Department said on Friday. The government also said 84,000 more jobs were created in August and September than initially estimated.
The jobless rate edged a tenth of a point higher to 7.9 per cent, but that was due to a surge of workers back into the workforce. Only people who have recently looked for a job can count as unemployed.
The employment data was the last major report card on the economy before Tuesday’s presidential election, which pits Obama against Republican Mitt Romney.
While the rise in the jobless rate was expected, the increase in payrolls beat even the most optimistic forecast in a Reuters poll.
The report provides fodder for both candidates.
Even sustained monthly gains of 171,000 would likely bring down the jobless rate only slowly. Even with the relative strength seen in the report, a full recovery from the 2007-09 recession remains distant. The jobless rate, which peaked during the recession at 10 per cent, remains about 3 percentage points above its pre-recession level.
Romney has made the nation’s feeble jobs market, which has plagued Obama since he took office in 2009, the centrepiece of his campaign.
The latest Reuters/Ipsos daily tracking poll showed Obama and Romney in a dead heat. Still, the political impact of the report will likely be muted as most voters perceptions on the economy are likely firmly fixed by now.
The persistently high unemployment rate makes it unlikely the Federal Reserve will lose its resolve to keep easy money policies in place until the economy shows more vigor.
Even with a moderate pace of job creation, the US economy faces a real threat of a renewed recession next year.
Without action by lawmakers, existing legislation will raise taxes and cut spending to the tune of about US$600 billion next year. That scenario – known in Washington as the “fiscal cliff” – could easily cause the economy to contract.
Europe’s debt crisis, which has hit factories around the world, including those in the United States, is also weighing on the US economic recovery.
In October, however, US manufacturer added 13,000 jobs, snapping two straight months of decline.
Nonetheless, the Fed is expected to expand a new bond-buying program at the end of the year to compensate for the end of another stimulus programme aimed at driving down borrowing costs.
Persistently weak labour market conditions led the central bank in September to launch a program to buy US$40 billion worth of mortgage-backed securities every month until there is a sustained pick-up in the labour market.
“The Fed is probably not impressed with the improvement in the job market over the past couple of months,” said Ryan Sweet, an economist at Moody’s Analytics in West Chester, Pennsylvania.