Euro Zone Crisis
The euro zone crisis was triggered in 2009 when Greece's debts, left by its previous government, reached a record 300 billion euros, leaving the southern European economy with debt levels more than four times higher as a proportion of gross domestic product than the official euro zone cap of 60 per cent of GDP. Since the original problems were uncovered, Greece has been bailed out twice, and lenders have also had to rescue Ireland and Portugal. In the latter half of 2012. Cyprus also required a bailout.
Record unemployment clouds euro zone outlook
More than 19 million people on the dole a 'tragedy' for Europe.
“Unacceptably” high euro zone unemployment ran at a record 12 per cent in February, official data showed on Tuesday, with more than 19 million people on the dole a “tragedy” for Europe.
The figures and a weak manufacturing sector report added to the gloom after data earlier this year had encouraged some hope the European economy might finally have touched bottom.
Analysts said the reports pointed instead to worse to come, with the jobless queues likely to grow as the debt crisis continues to sap the economy.
“Such unacceptably high levels of unemployment are a tragedy for Europe,” said a spokeswoman for EU Employment Commissioner Laszlo Andor.
“The EU has to mobilise all available resources to create jobs ... young people in particular need help,” she said.
The Eurostat data agency said unemployment in the 17-nation euro zone at 12 per cent was unchanged from January when the figure was initially given as 11.9 per cent.
In the full 27-member EU, unemployment in February rose to 10.9 per cent from 10.8 per cent, with 26.34 million out of work.
Some 33,000 joined the jobless queues in the euro zone and 76,000 in the EU over the month of February, Eurostat said.
Compared with a year earlier, the increase was 1.78 million in the euro zone and 1.81 million in the EU.
The highest unemployment rates in February were in Spain with 26.3 per cent and neighbour Portugal, on 17.5 per cent. Greece was put at it 26.4 per cent but this figure is for December, the latest available.
The lowest rates were 4.8 per cent in Austria and 5.4 per cent in Germany, Europe’s biggest economy.
With youth unemployment a huge cause of concern, Eurostat said the jobless rate for under-25s ran at 23.9 per cent in the euro zone and 23.5 per cent in the EU.
Among the countries with the highest youth jobless levels, Spain was on 55.7 per cent, followed by Portugal on 38.2 per cent and Italy with 37.8 per cent.
Greece was the highest with 58.4 per cent but this was also for December.
Howard Archer of IHS Global Insight said the figures marked a “dismal landmark” at 12 per cent – already very close to the official EU this year forecast of 12.2 per cent.
Archer said unemployment was now up for a consecutive 22nd month and even if the report did show the jobless numbers were not rising as fast as before, “an overall turnaround in euro zone labour markets still looks some way off.”
The second quarter outlook is “far from bright,” he said, and unemployment could “very well near 12.5 per cent late this year or early next year.”
Jennifer McKeown at Capital Economics was equally downbeat.
The February data “is further confirmation of the underlying weakness of the economy,” Mckeown said.
Manufacturing data meanwhile showed the slump deepening sharply as even Germany was dragged down.
The Markit Eurozone Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index fell to 46.8 points in March, up from an initial estimate of 46.6 but well short of the already weak 47.9 posted in February.
The outcome left the closely followed indicator at a three-month low and below the 50-points boom-bust line since August 2011.
Germany at 49 points slipped to a two-month low while “rates of decline gathered pace in all the other nations ... with the exception of France,” Markit said in a statement.
France stood at 44 points, a three-month high, while Italy was on 44.5, its lowest for seven months and Spain on 44.2, a five-month low.
Manufacturing “looks likely to have acted as a drag on the economy in the first quarter, with an acceleration in the rate of decline in March raising the risk that the downturn may also intensify in the second quarter,” Markit chief economist Chris Williamson said in a statement.
“The surveys paint a very disappointing picture across the region,” Williamson said.
The Cyprus debt bailout appeared not to have had any impact so far, he said, but “the concern is that the latest chapter in the (euro zone debt) crisis will have hit demand further in April.”