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  • Dec 26, 2014
  • Updated: 1:46am

Federal Reserve

Founded in 1913, the Federal Reserve is the central banking system for the United States.

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US FEDERAL RESERVE

Fed minutes show asset purchases to end in October

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 10 July, 2014, 11:45am
UPDATED : Thursday, 10 July, 2014, 11:45am

The Federal Reserve has begun detailing how it plans to ease the US economy out of an era of loose monetary policy, indicating it will end its asset purchases in October and appearing near agreement on a plan to manage interest rates in the future, according to minutes of the last Fed policy meeting.

The minutes from the June 17-18 meeting indicate the Fed envisions using overnight repurchase agreements in tandem with the interest it pays banks on excess reserves to set a ceiling and floor for its target interest rate.

Though no decisions have been announced, the discussion has become detailed enough for Fed officials to contemplate the proper spread between the two – mentioned in the minutes as 20 basis points.

The minutes showed the Fed participants also “generally agreed” that monthly bond purchases would end in October, with a final reduction of US$15 billion in monthly purchases of US Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities.

Fed officials expressed overall confidence that moderate economic growth would continue and unemployment and inflation would gradually move towards the central bank’s targets.

If anything, there was concern recent low volatility in financial markets showed investors “were not factoring in sufficient uncertainty”.

Analysts found little in the minutes to suggest the Fed will move forward its first interest rate increase, expected in the middle of next year.

But there was ample discussion about how the central bank should exit from policies put in place to fight the 2007-2009 financial crisis.

According to the minutes, there continues to be division over when the Fed should stop reinvesting proceeds of the US$4.2 trillion in assets it purchased to support financial markets.

Ending reinvestment would put the central bank’s balance sheet on a declining path, and some members argued that should not take place until interest rates have been increased.

The Fed’s exit strategy is complicated, because its stimulus programmes flooded the financial system with US$2.6 trillion that has ended up back at the Fed as excess bank reserves.

With that much money on hand, banks have little need to borrow from each other in the federal funds market – stifling an important interest rate tool.

 

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