China slowdown deepens as factory output weakens
China’s industrial output growth weakened in August to its slowest pace in more than three years, official figures showed on Sunday, confirming a deepening slowdown in the world’s second-biggest economy.
Production increased just 8.9 per cent year-on-year last month, the National Bureau of Statistics announced – the lowest result since a similar rise of 8.9 per cent in the depths of the global economic crisis in May 2009.
China’s economy has seen a marked easing over the past year, expanding 7.6 per cent in the second quarter of this year, the worst performance in three years and the sixth straight quarter of easing.
The latest gloomy readings come as export-reliant nations feel the pinch from collapsing demand caused by the long-running debt crisis gripping Europe and the stuttering recovery in the United States.
China’s August output figure “says clearly that growth was weakened further”, Lu Ting, China economist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch, said in a report.
Also on Sunday, the statistics bureau announced that China’s inflation rate accelerated slightly in August amid higher costs for food, potentially limiting the government’s ability to enact fresh monetary stimulus measures.
Consumer prices rose 2.0 per cent year-on-year as food prices increased 3.4 per cent. Inflation stood at 1.8 per cent in July.
Chinese authorities have taken steps this year to stimulate growth by cutting interest rates twice in quick succession and slashing the amount of funds banks must keep in reserve as ways to increase lending.
Analysts have been expecting further monetary loosening to fire growth, though the slight rise in inflation makes another decrease in interest rates less of an option because of the inflationary risks they pose.
“The likelihood of a cut is now clearly smaller than last month,” IHS Global Insight economists Ren Xianfang and Alistair Thornton said in a report, emphasising that higher consumer prices make it harder to “absorb the inflationary pressure” of monetary stimulus.
Their report said the government was more likely to favour other tools such as fiscal stimulus, to help boost the economy.
State media reported on Friday that China had approved a huge infrastructure package worth more than 1.0 trillion yuan (US$158 billion), involving 55 infrastructure projects ranging from subway lines to highways.
China carried out a huge 4.0 trillion yuan fiscal stimulus package in the wake of the global financial crisis in 2008.
The statistics bureau also said on Sunday that urban fixed asset investments – a key measure of government spending on infrastructure – rose 20.2 per cent in the first eight months of this year compared with the same period the year before. The figure for the first seven months until July was 20.4 per cent.
Retail sales, China’s main gauge of consumer spending, were 13.2 per cent higher in August year-on-year, the bureau said, marginally better than the 13.1 per cent increase recorded in July.