• Thu
  • Dec 18, 2014
  • Updated: 8:51pm
PUBLISHED : Friday, 12 July, 2013, 11:09am
UPDATED : Friday, 12 July, 2013, 4:30pm

China's worst wives in Shanghai? An online ranking rekindles age-old stereotypes


Patrick Boehler has published on China and Southeast Asia in four languages for publications in the US, Europe and Asia. After stints with Austria's ministries of defence and foreign affairs in Vienna and Beijing, he began his reporting career in Kuala Lumpur with the Malaysian online news portal Malaysiakini and, later, The Irrawaddy Magazine, a Myanmar exile publication in Thailand. He holds a doctorate in political science and has taught journalism at the University of Hong Kong. Follow him on Twitter: @mrbaopanrui

Over the last few days, a ranking of cities in China where husbands are most controlled by their wives has been circulating on Chinese microblogs and drawing thousands of comments.

According to the rankings, China's leading commercial hub Shanghai also leads in "hen pecking", followed by Sichuan's capital Chengdu, Hubei's Wuhan and the historic city of Chaozhou in eastern Guangdong.

As the debate gathered pace, netizens started questioning the ranking's origin and veracity. The Shanghai-based Jiefang Daily looked into its archives and only found a report in 2007 by the Hunan government-controlled news forum Rednet. 

Even that report said that the ranking was old and using it was like "reheating the old food" of popular preconceptions.

The rekindling of the eternal debate about China's regional stereotypes comes at a time when the country' is considering reforming its "hukou" or household registration system, that has pegged many second and third-generation urban residents to their rural roots. 

Until now, regional discrimination remains an prominent issue in hiring practices, university admissions and the administration of justice. 

But these preconceptions about regional differences are deep-rooted and not likely to go away. A study published in 1965, before the Cultural Revolution, by Berkeley sinologist Wolfram Eberhard, found that some perceived regional traits he recorded in a survey go back to antiquity. 

He identified three broad "types of Chinese". The "Northern type", centred in Shandong and Hebei provinces, is perceived as being "straight and honest, simple and enduring."

The second type. the "Yangtze valley type", centred around Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, is "clever and sharp" and "cunning businessmen".

The third, the "Southwestern type", was centred in Mao Zedong's home-province Hunan, where people are perceived to be "emotional with a violent temperament".

Unsurprisingly, the viral list of China's most hen-pecking wives only lists second and third type cities. It seems that little has changed in popular preconceptions over the last half a century. 


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This article is now closed to comments

First of all where does the assumption come from that a marriage in which women have relative power makes the wife a bad wife, as stated in the headline? Secondly, in a country where 50 per cent of men admit to using violence against their partner, how on earth does 'hen-pecking' make it into the SCMP where countless acts of severe domestic and sexual violence against women do not? What kind of message does this article send? Can someone at the SCMP please re-evaluate reporting priorities to be less gender-biased?
Relax and calm down. Please enlighten us with some facts before getting so worked up here. Were you an abused wife? Where are your sources of information? And by the way, it's just a blog post...
No. She's just from the 21th century.
SCMP correctly reports what goes around in China social media. As far as the controversy goes, having run offices in Shanghai and Beijing, it is pretty striking that Shanghai girls and women are "a bit bossy" – and Shanghai men are considered the "best husbands". That is a well known perception in China (as well as where the most beautiful girls are, but that is another issue). That was overall the impression I (and others, including Chinese people) had running my office of 70 people in Shanghai. Girls from other provinces were easier to work with than real Shanghai girls. Of course one cannot generalize. Nothing to do with gender issues or whatever.


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