Current Secretary General of the United Nations. Born in South Korea in 1944, Ban has served both as president’s foreign policy and national security adviser. Ban took up his current role with UN on 1 January 2007 before unanimously re-elected in 2011. His major initiatives at the UN include chairing the 2007 Climate Change Summit; advocating for women’s rights and gender equality; setting up a disarmament agenda to maintain nuclear safety security; and seeking new measures to ensure United Nations’ operations are more transparent.
A call to ambition
Each year at this time, leaders gather at United Nations Headquarters in New York to assess the state of the world. This year, I used the occasion to sound the alarm about our direction as a human family.
We are living through a period of profound turmoil, transition and transformation. Insecurity, inequality and intolerance are spreading. Governments are wasting vast and precious funds on deadly weapons while reducing investments in people. Too many people in power seem willfully blind to the threat of climate change. Citizens yearn for jobs and the prospect of a decent life, but all too often they get divisiveness and delay instead.
There have some important steps forward. Extreme poverty has been cut in half since the year 2000. Democratic transitions are under way in the Arab world, Myanmar and elsewhere. Africa’s economic growth has become the fastest in the world. Asia and Latin America are making important advances.
Still, we must raise our levels of ambition. Poverty and inequality remain rampant. Ecosystems are reaching the breaking point. The world’s best science is irrefutable: we must change course. That is why I have urged world leaders to press ahead with initiatives on sustainable energy, education, nutrition and women’s and children’s health. The economic crisis should not be an excuse to default on commitments to the basics that all people need.
Regional tensions are also deeply troubling. The crisis in the Sahel is not getting sufficient attention and support. Poverty, fragility, drought, extremism and sectarian tensions are causing immense suffering; arms are easy to obtain, but jobs are hard to find. The international community needs a major concerted effort to address this alarming situation. The crisis also highlights the need to strengthen food security, nutritional resilience and social safety nets to counter the frequent price shocks that have become the new norm. Just as sensors and seismographs help us prepare for natural disasters, so must we do more to detect the tremors of distress facing the poorest and most vulnerable.
The situation in Syria grows worse by the day, and has become a regional calamity with global ramifications. We must stop the violence and flows of arms to both sides, and set in motion a Syrian-led transition as soon as possible. Brutal human rights abuses continue to be committted, mainly by the Government, but also by opposition groups. It is our duty to put an end to impunity for international crimes, in Syria and elsewhere, and to give tangible meaning to the responsibility to protect.
As the winds of change in the Arab world and elsewhere continue, we need to break the dangerous impasse between Palestinians and Israelis. The two-state solution is the only sustainable option, yet the door may be closing. I also reject both the language of delegitimization and threats of potential military action by one state against another. Any such attacks would be devastating. The shrill war talk of recent weeks has been troubling -- and should remind us of the need for peaceful solutions and full respect for the UN Charter and international law. Leaders have a responsibility to use their voices to lower tensions instead of raising the temperature and volatility of the moment.
This is all the more important at a time of heightened tensions over intolerance. In recent weeks a disgraceful act of great insensitivity has led to justifiable offense and unjustifiable violence. Freedom of speech and assembly are fundamental, but neither of these freedoms is a license to incite or commit violence. Responsible political and community leaders must step up at this time. The moderate majority should not be a silent majority.
With so much at stake, the United Nations must keep pace across the spectrum of its activities – peace, development, human rights, the rule of law, the empowerment of the world’s women and youth. People do not look to the United Nations to be simply a mirror reflecting back a divided world. We are meant to provide leadership, hope and solutions to the problems that matter to people by day – and that keep them up at night. No single leader, country or institution can do everything. But each of us, in our own way, can do something. We must put people first, raise our game and take international cooperation to the next level. Time is not on our side, but together, as partners, we can meet today’s tests and seize the opportunities of an era of dramatic change.
Ban Ki-Moon is the Secretary General of the United Nations.