• Mon
  • Sep 22, 2014
  • Updated: 3:54am
PUBLISHED : Sunday, 19 May, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Sunday, 19 May, 2013, 3:55am

Taiwan's reaction to killing of fisherman is out of proportion

Philip Bowring says the anger at Philippines over the killing of a fisherman in disputed waters smacks of nationalistic chauvinism and will only aggravate regional tensions

BIO

Philip Bowring has been based in Asia for 39 years writing on regional financial and political issues. He has been a columnist for the South China Morning Post since the mid-1990s and for the International Herald Tribune from 1992 to 2011. He also contributes regularly to the Wall Street Journal, www.asiasentinel.com, a website of which he is a founder, and elsewhere. Prior to 1992 he was with the weekly Far Eastern Economic Review, latterly as editor.
 

Now it's Taiwan's turn to show some nationalist anger, and its target is the Philippines. Behind the outrage over the death of a fisherman lies suspicion of a Han chauvinism that can only exacerbate the tensions between China and its southern, non-Chinese neighbours.

For sure, the Philippine coastguard was guilty of the trigger-happy behaviour so common in a country which inherited its gun culture from the US and whose armed services are not known for their discipline. But the reaction by the government in Taipei, with economic and other sanctions, is out of all proportion given that this unfortunate event was clearly the result of local misjudgment rather than the state policy of the sort which sends Chinese warships well within the Philippines' exclusive economic zones, not to mention several incidents when Chinese vessels have opened fire on Vietnamese fishing boats and killed people.

For the Han chauvinists, an apology from the president of the Philippines is not enough. The Filipinos must grovel, be reminded that they, like Malays generally, are the serfs of the region. It fits well with the Hong Kong government's arrogant categorising of the country as in the same danger league as Syria because of the unnecessary loss of life in the bus hijacking incident.

The action of the Filipino coastguard was out of proportion, even assuming the fishing vessel was in Philippine waters and resisting arrest. But Taiwan's large, well-equipped fishing fleet is known almost worldwide for its contempt for others' fishing rights and the attempts to limit fishing to preserve species.

The fact that Taiwan has no formal diplomatic ties with any significant country makes it easy to avoid such transgressions becoming government-to-government issues.

Taipei's reaction seems more than just local political pressures on a weak President Ma Ying-jeou but linked to the desire to show that the island's Kuomintang government is at least as eager to pursue Chinese maritime claims as Beijing. The same has been seen in respect of the Diaoyu islands even though a limited deal with Japan on fishing has been agreed.

Taiwan's consequent higher profile in South China Sea issues makes peaceful accommodation in the region more difficult and shows the Taipei government placing more emphasis on old nationalist doctrines than strengthening relations with its non-Chinese neighbours.

It is a reminder that the now infamous "nine-dash line" by which China claims almost all the islands and related rights in the South China Sea was not a Communist invention but dates back to KMT rule. That was a time when Chinese maps made claim to chunks of Burma and other adjacent countries.

Even though most of these land borders have since been settled with the respective countries, the assumption that neighbours were once tributary states and should be again runs deep. How else can one explain the doubts now being aired by semi-official organs in China that Okinawa, centre of the old Ryukyu kingdom, is not Japanese because it was once a tributary state of China? The notion of a tributary state, one which kowtows to Beijing for political support, the right to trade or simply to give the emperor prestige, is imperialism in its simplest form.

In the Philippine case, China never exercised the attempts at hegemony which it applied to Vietnam and other contiguous states. But Filipinos are aware that the majority of people in Taiwan until some 200 years ago were closely related to those across the Luzon Strait. Incorporation into the Qing empire in the late 17th century was followed by colonisation which meant that the fate of the Taiwan indigenes was no better than that of native Americans.

As late as 1873, Beijing's admitted failure to bring all the island under control provided an excuse for a Japanese invasion to suppress "piracy" by indigenous groups - who more than two centuries earlier had successfully resisted a Japanese invasion. The attitudes of China as conqueror and coloniser still lurk despite the Philippines' successful, peaceful absorption of huge numbers of Chinese (including President Benigno Aquino's ancestors) who are better integrated than in most of Southeast Asia.

The overdone outrage over the death of the fisherman simply adds to regional suspicions of Chinese attitudes. Likewise, it is easy for most of those involved to see through Beijing's proclaimed attempt to prioritise relations with Asean by making Southeast Asia the first overseas destination of new Foreign Minister Wang Yi . By visiting four countries but avoiding Vietnam, the Philippines and Malaysia, the visit raised suspicions that it was simply to try to stir divisions within Asean while China has given away nothing either in terms of its territorial claims or refusal to discuss issues except bilaterally.

The omission of Malaysia was especially interesting given that China has so far avoided direct conflict even though its claims take in Malaysian gas fields and Layang Layang, a coral atoll 320 kilometres off the Borneo coast, which lies well within the Chinese claim just outside that of Philippines. It has an airstrip, small naval base and dive resort, and the Malaysian air force flies regular sorties over it.

Philip Bowring is a Hong Kong-based journalist and commentator

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This article is now closed to comments

whymak
Mr. Bowring may or may not be racist. But you are absolutely, positive one and proud of it. Hateful people are sociopaths with no sense of decency or shame.
michael.yu.94214
Mr. Bowring commented that the Taiwan reaction is out of proportion but failed to state what he believe is a reasonable way for the Taiwanese to react.
I wonder what would be Mr. Bowring's reaction if the person killed is his close and loved one.
There may be other motives on whatever the position or actions of which the Taiwan Adminstration decides to take, but please do not forget the one main basic objective that the Taiwan people seek, is to stop any further killings of this kind. As it stands now, the Philippinos can not assure the Taiwanese or any neighbouring states (nor do they appeared to want to) that these unfortunate killings will be stopped.
No sympathies shown to the victims of this incident, and little condemnation given on the brutal killing, apparently Mr. Bowring is a cold person who seemed to hold little value on human life.
It is sad story and article that the political games and gains have taken precedence over the basic human decency which we should all possess.
Hollander323
This article starts with a very racist tone..." Han chauvinism " ...with this you would know what the writer is going to write in the article..He went as far as giving excuses for the Philippines, quoting trigger happy is just a habit of the Philippine soldiers..
Philip Bowring is always a China Basher...How can his writings find a place in an intellectual newspaper like the SCMP.
megafun
wonder what reactions we'll give if its a HK fisherman? I certainly regard Taiwan has so far not over-reacted! I can only assume that Brownings does mind being shot dead whilst fishing !! Is he trying to say the next time our fishermen gets shot at, we ought to carry on - with a stiff upper lip, and business as usual?
johnwe
I disagree. Aquino is full of himself and his sense self-importance makes me laugh as I Know the Philippines well and have met ministers and even Presidents and one of the wives.
Aquino is intolerably pompous and got his comeuppance this time.
I remember when Donald Tsang tried to ring him as the hostage drama unraveled in Manila, he refused to take the call. The drama ended with 8 dead and not a few permanently disabled and badly impaired for life.
Aquino's explanation for refusing to take Tsangs call was protocol. He said imagine the President talking to a local governor - No way.
On that occasion he was smiling throughout, as if it was a joyous occasion and two days ago, he was also grinning as he tried to dismiss the Taiwan remonstration.
john.lone.75
I think it is about time for Japan, Phillippines, and other unspeciffied ASEAN nations to develop powerful navies to formed an invisible mashes to blockade chinese expansion, any ships big or small from the PLAN sailing down West Philippines Sea will be big risks of being blow up. Japan and others AEAN nations must develop nuclear weapons to counter attacks in case chinese are provoking and threaten with nuclear weapons. Chinese are threat to mankind, if Mao killed 60 millions of its own kind what make you think it respect for other cultures.
caractacus
It is bad enough that China, North Korea, India and Pakistan have nuclear weapons without wishing all the others had them.
lamlm38
i think u deserve 50 bullets from these comments alone!!!
siulun2050
Mr. Bowring, please educate us on how to react. I doubt that any western nations would react any differently.
goncalo
I agree fully with the author.

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