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  • Dec 26, 2014
  • Updated: 11:01pm
CommentInsight & Opinion

Why living in Hong Kong as mainland Chinese is no piece of cake

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 21 May, 2013, 12:38pm
UPDATED : Wednesday, 29 May, 2013, 10:38am

Joy Yang first wrote in Chinese about her experience as a person from the mainland living in Hong Kong. Her story was a hit on Weibo and sparked heated discussion. She has translated her article into English to share with SCMP readers.

We constantly hear Hong Kong locals complain about people who visit from the mainland and buy up milk powder or take up space in maternity wards, but rarely are the voices of those from the mainland heard.

My first impression of Hong Kong was not a good one. I was part of a batch of 28 undergraduates who had arrived from top universities on the mainland to study at the University of Hong Kong in 1999. I was 18 and excited about starting an adult life in the “Pearl of the Orient”, with its fancy shops, pop stars and legends of successful businessmen.

This excitement was soon replaced by anger and disappointment. A few days after arriving, a tutor at the hall of residence and a local female student came to my room and asked if they could search it. The girl said her mobile phone had been stolen. They rummaged through our bags then left with no apologies. But it was clearly written on their faces what they were thinking: “Where the hell are these two poor mainland girls hiding my mobile phone?”

I felt angry, but, sadly, it was not the last time this would happen. When something went missing in the hall of residence, the mainland students were always the first ones, and for most of the time the only ones, to be suspected. What was particularly insulting was that most of the suspected stolen items were insignificant - a slice of cheese or a bottle of milk. Yes, China’s per-capita GDP was low, but were we so poor in those locals’ eyes that even an orange was worth stealing?

After such bad experiences, I was always ready to strike back whenever I felt insulted or discriminated against. One time a local asked for my help on her class project comparing Hong Kong with Shanghai. Her first question was whether there was karaoke in Shanghai. Such an ignorant question offended my big Shanghainese ego. And when she asked about the living conditions there, I answered, with full arrogance: “My home in Shanghai was more than 1,000 square feet. How big is your home in Hong Kong?”

I did not make many good friends with local students at first, but I did not care. I don’t have to blend into the local culture, I told myself.

Sooner or later, those Hongkongers will recognise that mainland China is no longer a poor country, and we will influence the world with our growing economic and political power – more than Hong Kong does. So why should I care about blending into the local culture?

I could have kept “fighting” like that until one incident changed me.

After many conflicts I had with local students, the student union decided to kick me out of the hall of residence. The last straw, I believed, was when I defended a mainland tutor at a meeting and argued that her critics were discriminating against mainlanders. The mainlanders are my ally, and Hongkongers are our common enemy – I truly believed it at that time.

But when the student union labelled me as a troublemaker, not only did the tutor not speak out for me as I did for her, but she also turned her back on me.

“Who asked her to fight with the local students?” she told others behind my back. I felt betrayed.

I started losing hope that I would find a place to live until a Hong Kong tutor called me to say that the hall of residence had decided to give me another chance. She said some locals had argued that I was simply from a different culture and that the hall should welcome different views.

I was shocked when I heard that.

Betrayed by my ally only to be saved by my enemy - that completely changed my mentality. I became more receptive to local culture. More locals said they were eager to learn from me about the mainland, and I apologised to them, admitting that I had been too extreme in the past.

What I want to say is simple: blending into Hong Kong’s local culture is not that difficult, if we have the right attitude. That is what I learned 10 years ago. I left Hong Kong in 2002 for graduate school in the US, with full appreciation of what Hong Kong had taught me, both academically and non-academically.

But life is always more complicated than we think. I returned to Hong Kong in 2011, after studying and working in the US for nine years. Nowadays in Hong Kong, I find that blending into the local culture is not as simple as 10 years ago.

I started noticing the rapidly changing dynamics between locals and mainlanders from afar.

For example, HKU offers one-year exchange programmes for its undergraduates to study abroad. Students are selected based on academic performance and extra-curriculum activities. Each year we received about four to five HKU students in Los Angeles, and usually three or four of them were students originally from the mainland.

This had to do with the rising population of mainland students in Hong Kong. Back in my day, the economics department only had three to four mainland students. We got As most of the time, but plenty of As were left for local students. Today the economics department has about 20 to 30 mainland students, and when they get most of the As, as I heard from a HKU professor, a B is the best that a local student can hope for.

It’s not about who is smarter. After all, one is selected from a population of 1.4 billion and the other is from a population of seven million. Even though universities are supposed to be a place for fair competition, it is understandable why many Hong Kong students dislike their mainland peers. Ten years ago we “stole” apples and milk; today we “steal” As in class.

The younger generation from the mainland constantly outperforms locals in other aspects too. They score high in exams, participate in social activities and even speak better English than many local students. “We invited investment bankers to give seminars on campus,” an HKU professor said, “and after, all the mainland students rushed to socialise with the speaker, handed in their resumes and asked for internship opportunities, while many local students just hid themselves in the back rows.”

My speculation that Hongkongers felt threatened by mainlanders was confirmed when I returned in 2011. Yes, there are more mainlanders in Hong Kong than ever, and Hong Kong has never been this close to its motherland. But if you think that made my life here easier, you are wrong. Locals are rejecting mainland people and culture harder than before.

That’s why I realise that having a happy life in Hong Kong is no longer as simple as having the right attitude. It is harder to blend into the local culture than 10 years ago because the pushback from local people is harder than ever. This view is probably not shared by some of my mainland peers living in Hong Kong. Some of them do not think it necessary to blend into the local culture. “I earn more money than most of the Hongkongers” and “I always ask them to speak Putonghua to me”, one of my Beijing friends said with pride.

Resistance from locals is particularly obvious in two areas – the financial sector and the working class. The lack of transparency and the unique Chinese culture are often challenging for foreigners working in the Chinese market. Top investment banks and hedge funds prefer to hire mainlanders – over Hongkongers, ABCs and Westerners – for their China business knowledge. In Central, Putonghua is becoming a popular language, not only in shopping malls, but also in offices.

Working-class people are probably the ones who are mostly affected and, to some extent, squeezed. They face shortages of milk powder and of hospital beds, and a crowded Ocean Park - I would complain too if I were a local.

The problem is not unique to Hong Kong. Beijingers and Shanghainese complain about new migrants in their cities too. It’s all about competition for limited social welfare. In some aspects, Hong Kong is worse off. At least for a baby born in Shanghai or Beijing, she is not qualified for a hukou [residency permit] in the city if neither parent has one. But in Hong Kong, any child born here would automatically get access to the social welfare system – even if their parents are not permanent Hong Kong residents.

So who should be blamed for the rising tension between Hong Kong and the mainland? In my view, some Hong Kong media could take more responsibility. They could be fairer and stop reporting biased stories for the sake of boosting sales. The central government should also take more decisive actions to solve its food safety problem, so that mainland mums do not have to travel to Hong Kong for milk powder. Joint efforts by Hong Kong people, mainlanders, media and government will make the city a friendlier place to study, work and live.


I’d like to ask a question to end my story: nowadays in Hong Kong, should I speak Putonghua or Cantonese when I go shopping? I tried once to speak Cantonese in the Harbour City shopping mall, but the saleswoman turned away and greeted other mainland shoppers with her fluent Putonghua. I then tried to speak Putonghua at another store in Causeway Bay and received good service. But when I decided to leave without buying any shoes, the salesperson’s face went dark. She asked angrily: “Why you don’t buy? They are so cheap! And it’s another 20 per cent off if you pay with RMB!” I realised finally that it’s not about language; it’s all about your wallet.

Joy Yang is from Shanghai. She studied at the University of Hong Kong and at the University of California, Los Angeles in the US. She worked in Washington DC as an economist for the International Monetary Fund and now works in the financial industry in Hong Kong.


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This article is now closed to comments

"the salesperson’s face went dark. She asked angrily: “Why you don’t buy?" and this girl comes from UCLA and even lived in the US.
i've got nothing to say about the way the HK students react in seminars but is it the truth that "even speak better English than many local students."? Posters have never been written in Simplified Chinese years ago across the universities and myself would wonder if this article is come from a secondary school student if i didnt notice the writer's background, based on the vocab and the writing style used.
Lainy: Your point seems self-evident. Instead of seizing the day and redoubling efforts when the going gets tough, Hong Kong youths resort to badmouthing mainlanders and scapegoating China.
Why do mainland students write and speak better English? May be 2 large sample examples will suffice.
I visit St. Martin in the Caribbean for rest and recreation twice a year. Many Indians there are in the jewelry business catering to tourists. The Chinese are recent immigrants. With meager financial resources and knowhow, they gravitate into the small grocery business. Everyone I meet seems to hail from 恩平 prefecture. I was so overjoyed when I first found that I could converse with them in Cantonese and Putonghua. Of course, they speak perfect Taishanese and better English than our Scholarism brats. These folks never reach the 高考 level. Tell us why their language skills are better than demonstrators from our local tertiary institutions?
My academic friends in the best US universities rave about Chinese graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. It’s hard for me to explain how overwhelming some Chinese talents are at Princeton, Harvard and Columbia. Except for a privileged few like Bo Gua Gua majoring in soft and fluffy government studies at Harvard, they earned their fellowships solely on merit. Yet a few readers here see fit to cast aspersions on everyone from the mainland, including our very own geniuses.
Dear Joy,
First of all, welcome to HK! I enjoyed reading your article very much.
I can see that now you have become a real international citizen being much more well-travelled and well-exposed, you have more civility than most Mainland Chinese. Hence, you will adapt more easily and welcome by other cultures as well.
Perhaps, you will be a great ambassador to go back to China to enhance the general population on social etiquette and civil public behavior. Currently, most Mainland Chinese believe having money allows them being uncivilized, aloof and arrogant. For example: never like to queue; spitting in public (especially in swimming pools in hotels), squatting, speak loudly in public, places they graced upon turned dirty instantly........Yes so what if one has money!
Imagine if Mainland Chinese people behave with more civility than today, with such a huge talent pool there, the nation will achieve even more than today and with more respect worldwide! The whole world is hoping China will flourish and flourish well. Today there is still a wide gap with etiquette and civility in China and HK is loosing its grip as well due to the cross-border influence. I am doing my share here in HK to exemplify good etiquette and civility in public to students and the corporate world.
Joy, you have the right ingredient to be influential in this area. Make use of it!
That's correct Joy. Why don't you move back to China and set a good example for your compatriots. Every journey starts with one step. You need to take this first step!
Well written Joy and thanks for sharing your experience............everything in HK is about money and the local people here are just as bad as the criticisms they have about the mainland.........I can't wait till China continues to grow into a powerful and influential country and eventually "swallow up" this little piece of past colonial place called HK.
The discrimination against Chinese mainlanders began a decade ago at least as told that took place in student dormitory at Hong Kong University. The mainland student must have lived there for at least more than a year and yet there was no action being taken by the university except sided with the offenders and performed an illegal search of one’s personal belongings in the dorm. If high civil behavior couldn’t be had even from the future pillars or the higher learning institution we shouldn’t be puzzled by the intolerance in the streets by the masses in Hong Kong towards the mainlanders.
Being a local Hongkonger, I dislike the mainlanders because they bully Hong Kong just because of their sizeable market and huge population (definitely our HK government has used some wrong ways to handle with China government). The mainlanders will oppress you once they know that you are not as wealthy as they are (or your house is not as large as theirs). And they don't know what is "Respect" and "Humbleness". I used to love China in the past (at least 10 years ago) because their people were simple and kind. But after miniority of their people became rich, other people become very desperate for money and power. I believe that China government has to make some efforts in educating their people and changing their system to gain others' respect but not merely because of their huge market and money.
Where she gets lost in her argument is that we watch Mainlanders go abroad and study...they go to places where freedom of speech, free thinking, academic freedom, inelleectual discourse and the free flow of information and ideas play such a big role in those country's sucess, incluidng Hong Kong.
Yet, mainlanders have been so brainwashed, and do not even realize it that despite this foriegn education they will continue to buck these ideas in support of what the CCP has been telling them for decades. Your average Mainland student is more linkely to look at my previous sentence and argue Hong Kong is part of China and not a country, than to agreee with me.
The fact of the matter is, over the years, Hong Kong has thrived because of the system the CCP labels as foreign, imperialist and not appropriate for China. Yes, there are nearly 1.4 billion people in China, who have all been taught that Hong Kong's ways, its freedoms and its rule of laws are unacceptabel and not appropriate for China, which makes them believe that as part of China, Hong Kong should conform to Mainland ways. The presence of more and more Mainlanders puts fear in the minds of Hong Kongers that they way of life is thus threatend and will eventually return to the unacceptable way things are accomplished in the Mainland.
I am very appreciated from the sharing of Ms. Yang. I am a local university student now. To be honest, one of the reasons that we don't like mainlanders is that they "steals" our As in many courses. However, I don't think it is the main reason. The main reason that we dislike mainlanders is that we hear different news about mainlanders did in HK everyday. For example, they excrete on the main street in HK and they always speak loudly on the MTR on in a resturant. It is their behaviour that we HKers dislike. Are these the culture of Mainland China?



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