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Diaoyu Islands

The Diaoyu Islands are a group of uninhabited islands located roughly due east of mainland China, northeast of Taiwan, west of Okinawa Island, and north of the southwestern end of the Ryukyu Islands. They are currently controlled by Japan, which calls them Senkaku Islands. Both China and Taiwan claim sovereignty over the islands. 

CommentInsight & Opinion

Sino-Japanese relationship too brittle for comfort

Lanxin Xiang says both Japan and China are to blame for allowing an argument over disputed islands to harden and jeopardise the region's most important bilateral relationship

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 05 September, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Thursday, 05 September, 2013, 2:57am

Singapore's prime minister, Lee Hsien Loong, made a speech to a Japanese audience earlier this year, in which he claimed that if the Chinese government should decide to use non-peaceful means to take the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands, it may lose the world. The statement apparently irked the Chinese a great deal, albeit belatedly. The nationalistic paper Global Times made a big fuss of it some two weeks ago. But Lee's argument is not entirely wrong.

The tensions between China and Japan over these islands are unnecessary, unwarranted and extremely harmful not only to the most important bilateral relationship in the region; they have also destroyed a reservoir of goodwill between the two peoples, painstakingly built by leaders on both sides for more than half a century.

Leaders like Zhou Enlai and Kakuei Tanaka would surely turn in their graves if they could see what is happening between the two nations, where polls show that a majority of the populations hate the other.

China should not dismiss the Japanese intention to hold a goodwill summit to resolve the problem

There is, however, little doubt that both sides are to blame. Tensions have built up because of clumsy diplomacy by both governments. The island dispute has been largely a non-issue for decades. But, since 2010, Japan has jumped on the US "pivot" to Asia all too enthusiastically, which has caused enormous suspicion in Beijing of a joint containment strategy against China.

The turning point undoubtedly came last autumn when the Japanese government announced a plan to "nationalise" these islands, which were under threat from the Tokyo governor, who was raising money to "buy" them.

Although the Japanese government was motivated by good intentions - it was trying to pre-empt a scheme by the extreme right to derail Sino-Japanese relations - the unfortunate use of the term "nationalisation" not only provoked a strong reaction from China, it also deepened suspicions.

The term "nationalisation" reflects a total lack of historical sensitivity on the part of Tokyo. First of all, the Japanese do not have undisputable sovereign rights over the islands and one cannot "nationalise" something one does not own. Second, the main Japanese claim of sovereign rights through a reference to the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895 pours oil on fire, as this is one of the most humiliating "unequal treaties" in modern Chinese history.

Like Margaret Thatcher's historic mistake of demanding a "renewal" of the 99-year lease of 1898 over Hong Kong's New Territories, building a historical legality by reference to an "unequal treaty" would surely push any Chinese leadership into a political corner where there is little room for them to manoeuvre.

Another big miscalculation by Tokyo was its belief that the Chinese Communist Party wanted this crisis to divert attention from its own legitimacy problems. In fact, the eruption of this dispute was the last thing the newly installed leadership under Xi Jinping wanted to see.

On the Chinese side, however, its impatience and overreaction were also uncalled for. China has the high moral ground on this dispute, but it will lose this moral advantage if the dispute turns into a military conflict. Japan has acquired a reputation for being a peaceful and responsible power while China is still building such a reputation and trying to convince the world of its "peaceful rise".

Beijing seems to have adopted a firm position of rebuffing any Japanese initiative for summit meetings, unless Tokyo publicly changes its position. This approach is ineffective and unfair. A historical precedent is the "Waldheim Affair", in which the former UN secretary general and then president of Austria, Kurt Waldheim, was put on a "watch list" by the US and banned from entering the country because of an accusation of crimes committed during his wartime military service. It was a major diplomatic rebuff of a leader.

China should not dismiss the Japanese intention to hold a goodwill summit to resolve the problem. Last year, when the Japanese government announced the "nationalisation" plan, Beijing and most of its propaganda machines were accusing Tokyo of "colluding with the extreme rightists" in a clever plot to steal the islands. This is not a fair accusation to begin with.

There are many issues between the two countries. The fact that the island dispute has been allowed to override other priorities, such as strategic trust, economic ties and, more importantly, people-to-people relations, indicates a victory for the right-wing forces in Japan.

Xi should meet Abe at the G20 summit, which starts today in St Petersburg. But such an event should not be used by either side simply for diplomatic niceties. The Sino-Japanese relationship is at a critical historical moment, after the second world war, and both sides should make sincere efforts to repair it.

To have a serious summit, however, the Japanese side must rethink its use of the term "nationalisation", to either find a new term or tone down the implication of undisputed ownership. A better phrase would be "taking over the administrative authority".

Lanxin Xiang is professor of international history and politics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva


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In June 2004, Japanese professor Tadayoshi Murata of Yokohama National University, published "Senkaku Islands vs the Diaoyu Islands Dispute" (some info is here) and supports that "Since the Ming Dynasty, Chinese maps and documents of many kinds marked Diaoyu Islands, Huangwei Islands, Chiwei Islands as being lying within the territory of China". His 2nd book in 2013: "Origin of Japan's territorial issues - Official documents do not reflect the Truth".
The island did not appear in the Map of Great Japan in 1876 drew by Japan's General Staff Office of the Ministry of Army . Japan's claim of its purported "discovery in 1884" of the Diaoyu Islands contradicts with the navigation map in its own 1783 historical document Sankoku Tsuran Zusetsu published by prominent Japanese military scholar Hayashi Shihei clearly stating the island a part of China . The inconvenient Truth behind the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands . What does the view of some Japanese scholars tell us ? . Small islands � Big problem: Senkaku/Diaoyu
Japanese Professor Murata said, "We tend to take the opinion of the government, political parties and media as being the correct views and accept them readily; however, those opinions do not necessarily represent the truth. To us scholars, what is important is what is real, what is true, not the national interest; over this point, political parties and media have the same problem."
Wow, wat een discussie! Ik heb geen verstand in politiek, maar het boeit me wel, dit nieuws was ook in EU te zien. Waar gaat dit over?
2 landen vechten om een EGO-Centrice? Misbruik deze onbewoonde eilanden, om hun doel te bereiken? Dom en Stom... en zeker geen oude koei uit het sloot halen!
Beide landen hebben oude wonden en litteken... wie niet... MOVE-ON... het is niet de moeite waard...
FRIEND- FOR- EVER... heb ik geleerd... PEACE AND LOVE...
Er is nooit een a WINNER or a LOSER in a fight, but only DAMAGE... so don't do it! ... be O:)
If Japan use the term taking over the administration authority as writer suggested, Japan would be seen by the Chinese and the people of the world over, as giving away its position as the owner of the island, to the Japanese natioals in particular the right wings, this would be disastrous!
What owner? Look at history please. Those islands historically belongs to Taiwan, and therefore is part of Chinese territory.
Oh go swim with you history chinese way where china claims the whole of the "China sea" It feels like Italians claiming Spains or France because it was part of the Roman Empire or the First nations claiming the whole United states because they were there first.


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