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  • Oct 19, 2014
  • Updated: 9:32am
CommentInsight & Opinion

Hong Kong must open the door to innovation

Alan Lung says helping youth fulfil their potential can alleviate poverty

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 03 October, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 02 October, 2013, 9:47pm

The government announced Hong Kong's poverty line last week and found that 1.02 million people, or 15.2 per cent of us, are poor. The official strategy to alleviate poverty is to find ways to grow our economy, provide employment opportunities for people, particularly the young, that create upward mobility, while ensuring support measures are pro-children and pro-employment and targeting groups such as those with disabilities, ethnic minorities and single parents.

The question that must be asked now is, as well as income redistribution, can there also be a redistribution of opportunity to our youth by bringing back a level playing field? Can this be done through knowledge-based economic development, where the key drivers are innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship?

In a free-market economy such as Hong Kong, the government should not micromanage the economy but should instead provide a vision for high-quality economic development and facilitate it.

The money missing from the pockets of our youth could be provided by venture capitalists

Silicon Valley in California is widely recognised as the world's most successful knowledge-based economy. Hong Kong also received a very high rating in the 2013 Global Innovation Index. It should seize this opportunity by using its special advantages under "one country, two systems", not only to help ourselves, but also to assist China, Europe and the members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in building their economies.

To take advantage, the community, in particular our youth, will require government help. Hong Kong is a high-cost developed economy that needs to be "innovation driven" rather than "efficiency driven". The central government cannot provide the key for Hong Kong's social and economic development as mainland solutions may not work in our free environment.

Hong Kong has a narrow industrial base and its only natural resource is its human capital. This has been the case since the early 1970s when Hong Kong began developing into the modern, mature economy it is today.

Hong Kong needs to recognise that innovation - not sticking with the status quo - is how we will progress. Social development that focuses on the redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor cannot be the only way to eliminate poverty.

There is abundant financial capital in Hong Kong; the money missing from the pockets of our youth could be provided by venture capitalists who are more than willing to support other people's ideas and rely on their entrepreneurial skills to make money for themselves.

There is a strong mismatch between Hong Kong's capacity for innovation and its innovation ranking in the world. Its low level of innovation output could be linked to a lack of understanding of the power of knowledge and intangible capital to create wealth.

For example, Hong Kong is ideally placed to commercialise scientific output from mainland China, Europe and around the world - this is an innovation strategy that doesn't need deep pockets and heavy investment in research and development, and could be acceptable to the financial secretary.

Political leadership is needed to make things happen. Support from the business community, lawmakers and the general public is essential to build a sustainable social and economic development structure.

The chief executive needs to put forward solid policy measures for innovation and technology in his next policy address to move Hong Kong to a knowledge-based economy in the next 10 to 20 years.

Alan Ka-lun Lung is a director of the Asia Pacific Intellectual Capital Centre and chairman of the Hong Kong Democratic Foundation


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Mr Alan Lung's heart is in the right place. Babyboomers growing up in HK in the 60s and 70s received education in HK, and some overseas, were instrumental in pushing HK's economy forward since the 80s. Education has an undeniable long lasting effect. An educated workforce with the right skill sets makes up for the human capital to build a knowledge economy. And government has to take the lead in education.
Most people don't have patience and they want a strong, balanced economy to sustain their quality of life. Established sectors don't need much government help. The debate has always been about government role in new sectors that are deemed promising. I believe HK people don't have the stomach for strong government involvement, but they definitely want to see more actions for promising opportunities spelled out in government policies. Many concerned citizens in HK are starved for policies with innovative thinking, not just moderate words. Innovative ideas are by nature controversial and risk bearing. Politicians have to decide if doing nothing is a better option.
Present day Silicon Valley seems to be free of government's hands. Actually, there used to be plenty more companies relying on government contracts. Government's invisible hand is always there, just how reaching. Silicon Valley has many advantages but "no government" is not among them.
Stephen Cheung, Mountain View, California
Hong Kong is not US where government’s involvement in private business is frowned upon. On the contrary government in Hong Kong is a tacit partner to private business sector since the colonial days. Where exemplifying for others to follow to succeed the chosen few became the privileged. The good intention degenerated into cartel and monopoly till this day. The relationship between the government with those chosen few cemented by collusion at the expanse of fairness to the population at large. I believe our CY Leung administration is at work to undo the collusion culture.
Silicon Valley’s success has little to do with any particular government’s doing. It is the creative people, nice weather and garages that have made it a place and culture in innovation. Hong Kong just lacks all of them. Calling Hong Kong to open door for innovation is purely a slogan – what door are we talking about? Selling land for another property development the second time? The disconnect between poverty elimination to innovation by youth is just too wide not to see an uncreative opportunist is at work peddling a very foolish slogan.
Innovative young men and women in Hong Kong would know better. They go west to the Valley.


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