Jobs or halting climate change? With cooperation and proper planning, we don’t have to choose
Tomoko Nishimoto says governments, employers and workers should all cooperate on ‘greening’ jobs to provide decent employment and environmental sustainability
There once was a view that you had to choose to either promote jobs and growth or to protect the planet, and that these options were almost incompatible. Eventually, we realised we cannot do one without the other.
Societies and economies in Asia and the Pacific are particularly exposed to the threat of climate change. In some areas, people are forced to leave their jobs and homes with their families, and to watch their livelihoods, homes, and often all they have, be destroyed by natural disasters or other effects of climate change.
Yet, confronting climate change has great potential for the creation of jobs that provide livelihood, protection and dignity. These are also the only jobs that ensure sustainable, inclusive growth. The International Labour Organisation calls them “green jobs”.
There is an urgent need for green employment policies in one, prevention – before disasters; two, mitigation – moving to clean energy; and three, adaptation – waste recycling and reusing materials such as plastic. This process requires the combined efforts and social dialogue of governments, employers and workers.
Workplace practices, skills, product design and job profiles are already adjusting. Automobile manufacturers produce more fuel-efficient (or electric) cars; farmers apply more climate-resilient growing methods with organic fertilisers; enterprises use more energy-efficient techniques.
This new dynamic argues for processes to enable green economies and production, rather than a dichotomy between unsustainable, dirty jobs to be discontinued, and sustainable, clean ones to be created.
The UN Agenda for Sustainable Development says countries must “improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation by 2030”. Leveraging decent work would accelerate that process by joining productive activities and environmental promotion.
Jobs are not decent by design, or by default. A significant amount of thinking and efforts go into developing climate-proof infrastructure in Asia and the Pacific; we must pay the same attention to developing climate-proof human capital with skills for today’s – and tomorrow’s – jobs.
Efforts from our region can also bring innovative solutions for better work and entrepreneurship to other countries facing the consequences of climate change and increasing natural disasters.
Whether we work in a field or an office, we can all contribute to a just transition toward sustainable, equitable and smarter societies.