Seven films that get inside your head, from Matrix to Being John Malkovich
Cinema has a long history of mind-bending narratives. Steven Zeitchik and Oliver Gettell highlight seven of the most twisted
Whether you're talking about a film or a relationship, it's never easy getting inside someone's head. Sure, directors have tried many tactics to achieve the former (hello, cheesy voice-over). But actually making private thoughts and musings coherent on a screen is never a simple task. It's even doubly difficult if a movie looks to create tension and meaningful narrative there.
Yet over the years screenwriters have been drawn again and again to stories set in the mind, in genres that include science fiction ( Inception, The Matrix) and action-adventure ( Fantastic Voyage). They're trying again, this time in the realm of the animated family dramedy (the new Pixar release, Inside Out).
All of these entertainments offer the promise of action unfolding inside an unknowable mystery, while also presenting some unique challenges. How does one render visual what is so abstract? And how does a story move from action that is quite literally interior to the more navigable outside world?
We've collected seven notable mental movies and listed them in ascending order of quality - it's fun to mess with heads. Read and quibble, or just let the mind wander.
7. Fantastic Voyage
Director Richard Fleischer's cold war thriller gets inside the head of one of its characters - quite literally - by way of a microscopic submarine. The film concerns a Czech scientist who has defected to the US but fallen into a coma after an assassination attempt. To save him, and the knowledge only he has, a crack medical team is zapped with a shrink ray and injected into his bloodstream so they can surgically remove a clot in his brain.
Though the film doesn't feature any personified emotions or manifestations of dreams, it does offer a psychedelic tour of the human body with unexpected doses of danger - watch out for those white blood cells. As the movie's trailer promised: "When you come out, you may never look at yourself in the same way again."
Ultimately though, Fantastic Voyage is as much a biological adventure as a mind-bending one. So though a great movie, it's not a great head-trip movie.
6. The Matrix
Mind over matter is most certainly the rule in the Wachowski siblings' stylish dystopia. Although neither protagonist Neo (Keanu Reeves) nor the audience realises it for some time, most of the action - from the slow-motion fistfights to the clip-emptying shootouts - takes place in a massive shared hallucination. That doesn't make the battles any less lethal, as wise old Morpheus (Laurence Fishburne) warns: "Your mind makes it real."
The film's premise of a machine-programmed world allows the brain-bending antics to range far and wide. And visual cues such as sleek black clothes and a sickly green tint differentiate the Matrix from the real world (all cold, post-apocalyptic blues). Still, the film's sprawling alternate universe always seemed like it could, and maybe should, be taking placing somewhere else beside a mind; that's a lot of imagination and IQ required for someone, even or especially someone who's Keanu Reeves. And the passage from the mental to the physical realm can be a little bumpy - it's mainly depicted by Neo and friends reclining in chairs that have a distinct dentist office vibe.
In Christopher Nolan's mental heist movie, it's not cash, diamonds or priceless paintings that are stolen, but ideas. Dom Cobb (Leonardo DiCaprio) and his crew specialise in surreptitiously entering people's dreams in order to lift - or more dangerously, implant - information.
We all know how surreal dreams can be, with paradoxical shifts in time and location, and writer-director Nolan delights in rendering such visual riddles on the big screen. He even compounds the weirdness by creating dreams within dreams within dreams, thus layering a car chase with a zero-gravity brawl with a snowy black-ops mission.
And yet, as visually impressive and meticulously designed as Inception is, it occasionally gets bogged down by exposition, arbitrary rules and plot inconsistencies. As with any dream, trying to wrap your head around the movie can be an exercise in futility. Movies should be about getting outside our own heads, but that doesn't always mean we want to get inside someone else's.
4. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind
Yes, an ethereal Kate Winslet on the beach will make us choke up each time. But it's the scenes inside its lovelorn hero's head that give the movie its power.
Eternal Sunshine, directed by Michel Gondry and written by Charlie Kaufman (he liked setting stories in the mind - more on him in a second), looks at Joel (Jim Carrey) as he seeks to erase a relationship from his brain as a way of getting over a break-up with Winslet's Clementine - and then tries in vain to salt away some of those memories in his subconscious. The film has a head-trippy power, examining what happens when we become unsure of whether we want to retain our own memories.
Sure, sometimes Eternal Sunshine can become a little too caught up in its own conceptual ambition, and it can be a little jarring to go from the deep subconscious to Elijah Wood and Mark Ruffalo sitting around a bedroom. But there's a strong sense of playfulness: the scene with a man-child Joel under the kitchen table. And with its bottomless wells of emotions, Eternal Sunshine does what so few films of this subgenre do: take us from the head to the heart.
3. Inside Out
Peter Docter's Pixar film that got, well, our heads thinking about this reaches for a high level of ambition, and for the most part it succeeds. Yes, the idea of a set of anthropomorphised emotions governing us isn't high-level Jungian theory, and might make for some confused parent-child discussions on the way out of the theatre.
But the range of those emotions is wide, with the characters of Joy, Sadness and the others are all sharply drawn. The world they inhabit is also filled with great detail and conceptual gags.
And the movie handles, with a few exceptions, the transition from headspace to real space rather well, as it evolves from the quick cutbacks earlier in the film to the longer takes inside the mental universe as the movie wears on. A worthy animated entry to the subgenre that, in retrospect, almost seems tailor-made for manufactured creations instead of human actors.
2. Herman's Head
Granted, this was a television show, not a movie, but it is a spiritual precursor to Inside Out.
Instead of an adolescent girl, the early-'90s Fox sitcom chronicled the misadventures of magazine fact checker Herman Brooks (William Ragsdale). And while he was hardly the most developed character, the four avatars of his psyche were always interesting: his sensitivity (Molly Hagan), lust (Ken Hudson Campbell), anxiety (Rick Lawless) and intellect (Peter Mackenzie).
The side trips into Herman's head were sometimes subtle (accomplished with straight cuts) and sometimes not (exaggerated with cheesy zooms or iris effects).
But the idea that any screen entertainment would even try to take us inside someone's head like this - and in broadcast prime time, no less - earns it extra points. Peter Docter hasn't copped to watching it yet. But it has to be rattling around in the back of his, well, you know.
1. Being John Malkovich
There's weird, there's good, and then there's weirdly good. Being John Malkovich, the film that kickstarted the Hollywood careers of Charlie Kaufman and director Spike Jonze is, naturally, about a portal hidden behind a filing cabinet that leads into the mind and body of the titular actor.
The film's out-there concept provides for some intriguing self-exploration as different characters each take a spin inside Malkovich, confronting issues of ego, identity, gender, sexuality and mortality along the way.
Cinematically speaking, the transitions into and out of Malkovich are amusingly literal, and the actor's point-of-view is rendered with an old-fashioned vignette.
A particularly memorable scene results from Malkovich entering the portal himself, with a hall-of-mirrors-like result. Needless to say, the whole thing makes you want to enter Malkovich's mind, or Kaufman's.
Los Angeles Times
Inside Out opens on July 23