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English Schools Foundation

The English Schools Foundation (ESF) operates five secondary schools, nine primary schools and a school for students with special educational needs across Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories. It is the largest international educational foundation in Asia. 

LifestyleFamily & Education

Overpricing English-medium schools could hurt Hong Kong's future, say critics

The loss of government subsidy will make schools teaching in English too costly for many professionals, who will take their talents elsewhere

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 28 July, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Sunday, 28 July, 2013, 5:56pm

As his two daughters enjoy their summer holiday, architect Marcin Klocek has school on his mind. The prospect of soaring fees at international schools has left him contemplating sending his children back to his native Poland for their education.

Both his daughters, aged seven and 12, attend the financially troubled Discovery College. Faced with the need to repay a construction loan to the English Schools Foundation (ESF), the Lantau-based college has announced plans to increase fees by 53 per cent over the next five years, taking them above HK$130,000 per year for primary-school pupils and HK$180,000 for those in Year 7 to Year 11.

Discovery College parents, who have formed a 150-strong concern group to fight the fee increase, are not the only ones worried about rising fees.

Parents whose children begin studying at the four kindergartens, five secondary and nine primary schools run by the ESF after 2016 will find the fees much higher than they are now as the government begins phasing out its subsidy to ESF schools.

With international school places in short supply, the loss of subsidy has raised questions about the future of English-medium education and concern that a lack of school places could hit the city's competitiveness by deterring talented international professionals from moving to the city.

The ESF board last month quietly accepted the loss of the government subsidy, long frozen at HK$283 million per year. But many of the foundation's supporters argue that the loss of the government cash will add to a worrying trend - the widening gap between those who can afford quality English-medium education and those who cannot.

The government support, which started in 1967, allowed the ESF to offer affordable education in English to people from all ethnic backgrounds, with a growing number of local families enrolling their children in recent years.

But the subsidy has long been questioned, with critics saying the funding is unfair. The government argues that continuing to offer a subsidy would fly in the face of its policy of not providing recurrent subsidies to schools which, for the most part, do not offer the local curriculum.

As announced by ESF chairman Carlson Tong Ka-shing, fees for new students at ESF schools will rise by 23 per cent, to more than HK$84,000 a year for primary-school pupils and to HK$120,000 for secondary-school students, in 2016. It is not known yet what the fees will be after that year. Discovery College, an independent school run by an arm of the ESF, sets its fees separately.

One single mother whose son is in Year 9 at West Island School and who asked not to be named said: "Not everyone is on expatriate deals or has corporate support. I have to find the fees."

She is fortunate - her child will continue to benefit from the subsidy for the rest of his time at school. But the question is: how affordable will the ESF be to parents in future?

"It will be a pity if ESF schools become like other international schools," says a parent of a Sha Tin College pupil, who also prefers to remain anonymous. "It has proved to be a very successful model where students are not pressurised, do not learn by memorisation and enjoy various extra-curricular activities. We treasure this model a lot. It is not elitist, but yet it is successful."

The ESF "model" has attracted many local families, who are put off by the deteriorating standard of English and the immense academic pressure in local schools and are concerned about stiff competition for admission into the small number of elite schools in the local system. Of the 13,000 ESF students, 70 per cent are from families of permanent residents.

Expatriate families are unlikely to submit their children to the pressurised environment in local schools.

"I have asked local children if they are happy in school; 100 per cent of them say no, because of homework etc," said Bob Kraft, an American pastor who has lived in Hong Kong for 25 years. "It is really a matter of adopting an educational model that people understand is healthy for families. From what I have heard, the ESF model is a better alternative. The removal of subvention is going to hurt the economy of Hong Kong."

The economic argument has also been made by various international chambers of commerce, which argue that a lack of affordable, high-quality international schooling will make it tougher for the city to attract the international talent it needs to sustain itself as a financial centre.

Christopher Hammerbeck, executive director of the British Chamber of Commerce, called on the government to consider other forms of subsidy, for example one given out on a per-pupil basis, instead of withdrawing support once and for all.

"Not all the expatriates working here are compensated for their families' expenses," he said. "ESF has been able to fill the middle-priced area that lower-paid executives will find extremely difficult to find after 2016 when the full increase takes place."

He stressed that maintaining affordable education options for the children of middle-tier executives was crucial to Hong Kong's competitiveness as a global financial future.

As a result of the changing economic landscape, today's expatriate community is more diverse than ever, he says. "The French community has doubled in the past four years, there are more Italians coming, we have the Polish chamber of commerce setting up, a Romanian chamber of commerce setting up; people from Africa, South Africa are coming. The challenge for the government is to provide the right sort of education for executives in the international business sector."

Janet De Silva, who chairs the American Chamber of Commerce's education affairs group, agrees.

"An affordable, high-quality, English-medium education option is sought by the many small and medium-sized enterprise members of the American Chamber and is sought by many Hong Kong residents throughout the territory," she said.

"Hong Kong is a vibrant city of enterprise and this vibrancy is made possible by a well-educated workforce. Ensuring our next generation has the skills and education to continue to be a competitive force for Hong Kong is essential."

Legislators have also taken issue with the future of affordable English-medium education. Civic Party legislator Kenneth Chan Ka-lok accused the government of being short-sighted, saying it was "immoral" to take away the ESF's subvention. "Does the government want to see all English-language schools turning into Harrow [International School]?" he asked at a Legislative Council education panel meeting earlier this month.

The government acknowledges the problem of a shortage of international school places, with education chief Eddie Ng Hak-kim warning last year of a shortfall of 4,200 international primary school places in the next five years.

But Klocek feels that he has few options. Though far from pleased with the depth of knowledge his children are acquiring from school, he shuns paying even higher fees.

"Fees go up in Hong Kong every year,'' he said. "It is less likely I would send my daughters to other, more expensive international schools without being sure they are better. The most likely option would be to move them to Polish schools - which are free and of good quality - if anything.''

But he is also worried about the disruptions to his daughters' live should they relocate to Europe.

With expensive international schools like Harrow - which charges fees of up to HK$159,800 per year, with more for boarders - off the table, one alternative for Klocek and other parents are schools under the Direct Subsidy Scheme.

Direct-subsidy schools receive government funding on a per-student basis and enjoy autonomy in management and fee-setting. Many offer the International Baccalaureate curriculum, widely recognised by universities around the world. The elite Diocesan Boys' School, for example, has 63 IB places, but across the city such places are in limited supply.

Direct-subsidy schools are required to reserve at least half of their places for pupils studying the local curriculum leading to the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education exam.

"We are at full capacity and can take in at most five ESF students a year (should they want to switch),"says Cheung Siu-ming, principal of Creative Secondary School, a direct-subsidy school offering the IB curriculum.

Cheung believes the ESF subvention should remain, and echoes the concern that the ESF will cash in on its proven academic record and reputation to become even more expensive.

"Should this happen, this would only widen the gap between the rich and the poor in Hong Kong," he warned. "Only the rich will have access to better-quality education. This is already happening. The gap between public and private schools is getting bigger. The government needs to increase its spending on education."


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The reality is that a lot, maybe a half of the places in esf schools are filled with local Hong Kong kids. Talking to these parents, they tell me they send their kids there because they prefer the broader, less pressured environment. They simply want their kids to be happy. The bigger issue, I think, is not the only scarcity of places for middle executive expats, but is the inefficient model of the current local system. Don't get me wrong, I considered sending my kids throughout the local system, but with 1-3 hours of homework every night, just in primary school, to memorise a lot of "stuff", which has little value in adult life (I say this, because I have been through that) really kills a kid's passion for learning and robs them of their childhood. The local model/curriculum needs to be changed. It appears to me that a lot of Hong Kong people do recognise this, but what is being done? The politicians of Hong Kong can make the difference, but they do not. They are tied to their old beliefs and "patriotism". Hong Kong people are the most forward-looking people in the world, unfortunately, Hong Kong is not run by these smart people. The government unfortunately are still living the memories of the colonial past, where they felt sideline and they feel they need to put their stamp on. However, the world changes and Hong Kong is an international centre today. local hong kong people think intenrationally. It is sad that the new generation of children will be deprived this opportuni
many "international" cities all over the world have expat schools for expat kids where english is the teaching medium, i am not aware any govt. subsidies to these schools. however, there are expat schools subsidized by the corporations which choose to bring in foreign "talents". hong kong should learn from these countries.
I have lived here and paid taxes for 22 years, and therefore in a small way contributed to the ESF subvention. I had expected to be able to send my children to ESF and for school fees to be partially paid for by the subvention. However, it looks like I will be on the losing end of this deal.
We should all be asking our legislators why the government is not willing to spend the small sum of HK$283m per year to help thousands of children here, and at the same time continues to spend in excess of HK$300m to send a handful of senior civil servants children to study in the UK. What's so bad with HK schools??? All senior civil servants should be required to send their kids to local schools here.
There needs to be a serious rethink here on how we fund education. One idea would be for all entitled students to be given a voucher that they can take with them to any school. As a starting point for primary students the voucher could be worth HK$50k per year and for secondary HK$75k. And entitled student is one born here or born to parents with PR status. Both of these demonstrate commitment to Hong Kong.
All children born in Hong Kong or whose tax paying parents have permanent ID cards should get the same monthly subsidy,no matter where they are educated here or what race they are.
ESF, supposedly a not-for-profit system is affordable compared to other for-profit international schools but fees go beyond education cost; CAS week to Fiji $18,000, mandatory laptop computer $6,000, PTA, school bus $15000/year, uniforms, book deposits, scientific calculator $1300 etc etc. In year 11 IGCSE exam time the last month's fees are charged even through the child is not attending school. Allow $120,000 per year per student in middle school, more in year 12/13 then 15% IRD tax on that. Fees for 3-child families really get your attention even before rampant landlords & supermarkets kick in.
The arrogant Govt slap in the face for all Intl school parents is, no tax allowance for school fees; they charge IRD tax on all school fees paid.
When you have supposedly accountable officials earning 30% more than Obama you would expect better than what is on offer, rather we have blinkered incompetence & tunnel vision devoted to flawed backroom policies from vastly overpaid individuals with chips on their shoulders. It is time they realized children are not pawns & all should be treated equally and equitably. Govt servants employed before 1 June 2000 get local education allowance, 75% of ESF school fees, meanwhile Govt hands $100m to 'support' each District Council to play with concrete.




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