Italian prison inmates learn about the fashion trade
Women's prison workshops across Italy are joining up under a new commercial fashion brand they hope will help encourage more detainees to learn the trade and give them hope for a future on the outside.
The Sigillo (Seal) brand unveiled by the justice ministry this year will be available in the shops within months. This experiment has given new energy to the handbag workshop at Rebibbia prison in Rome.
"When I get out I want to have a more normal life. With this job I'm sure everything will be fine with me. I've learned a lot here," says Kalu Uwaezuoke Chinedum Ike, a Nigerian facing drug trafficking charges.
The 40-year-old works three afternoons a week in a room with sewing machines, cutting tables and bars on the windows.
Rows of blue-doored cells can be seen from the workshop in Italy's biggest women's prison which houses more than 700 detainees.
After more than three years behind bars as she awaits the conclusion of her trial, she has acquired a knack for stitching and beading "I've always been a person who likes dressing well, even when I didn't have enough to eat," she says, adding: "I have a real passion for it."
Prisons in Italy are notoriously overcrowded, and funding has been repeatedly cut in recent years, making for what Justice Minister Annamaria Cancellieri recently called a penal system "that is not worthy of a civilised country".
There are a few exceptions and innovative projects such as a theatre workshop, also at Rebibbia, whose performance of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar became the award-winning film Cae sar Must Die, which was released last year.
After three years of bureaucratic hurdles, promoters of Sigillo hope the project, which has €400,000 (HK$4.1 million) in funding from the justice ministry and €400,000 from charities, will also be a success.
"The aim of the project is to give female detainees the tools to be in the marketplace once they are released," says Nanda Roscioli, a former justice ministry employee and consultant who has been involved from the start.
Roscioli says it is also a way of countering a prison system oriented towards male detainees in which women are a "subordinate" minority. "This makes conditions for female detainees harsher, more barbaric," Roscioli says. "As far as I know this programme is unique," she says.
Daniela Arronenzi, head of the Rebibbia workshop charity, says she signed up to the non-profit project because it would give prison-made garments access to a wider retail network and something resembling an actual fashion business.
"Of course, prison is a place of problems. There is overcrowding, there are budget cuts, but then there is also this," she says. The initial plan is to hire 10 female detainees from workshops across the country and train 40 more who will produce under the Sigillo brand for big fashion names, as well as filling special orders for corporate marketing products.
The handbags made in Rebibbia sell for up to €40 each. Supporters say the project is not exploitative because detainees will receive a regular part-time salary of €600 a month, comparable to their counterparts on the outside, and participation is voluntary.
Chinedum Ike and another member of the Rebibbia co-operative, Ukrainian detainee Natalya, currently receive about €150, which they can send to family or spend on food and hygiene products.
The initiative is supported by Silvia Venturini Fendi, heiress of the Fendi fashion business, which is owned by French luxury giant LVMH.
For 33-year-old Natalya, who has been inside for three years, making handbags has little to do with commercial success.
"For a time, we feel psychologically that we are not inside these walls. That's the reason for programmes like this. To switch off," says Natalya, who is also a proficient pianist who plays at Sunday mass.
"Sigillo is also about personal satisfaction. When we create things and they are appreciated, then we enjoy our work," Natalya explains. "When I get out of here, I would like to open a shop."