How to help someone survive

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 21 August, 2012, 12:00am
UPDATED : Tuesday, 21 August, 2012, 10:36am

Professor Yu Cheuk-man, head of Prince of Wales Hospital's Division of Cardiology, says the first three minutes after the heart stops beating is the critical period. Most people who die of sudden death fail to get prompt medical support. "If resuscitation and electrical shock are administered to the patient in a timely manner, there's a 70 per cent survival rate. The survival rate drops by 10 per cent for every minute that passes," says Yu.

What to do if someone goes into shock or a coma when exercising

  • Stay calm. Loosen any tight clothing on neck, chest or waist and call for medical help.
  • If the victim has lost consciousness but is still breathing and has a pulse, let him stay lying on his back.
  • If the victim is not breathing or doesn't have a pulse, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation.