The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
N Korea drops propaganda leaflets over border
North Korea has dropped thousands of propaganda leaflets attacking South Korea across their heavily militarised border for the second time this year, the South’s defence ministry said on Tuesday.
South Korean soldiers have collected about 17,000 leaflets, which were floated by balloon over the frontier on Saturday, a ministry spokesman said.
“They were found scattered in western border areas,” the spokesman said.
The leaflets criticise the defence ministry’s “anti-Pyongyang” education programme for its military and praise pro-North Korean activists in the South, he said.
In 2004 the two sides agreed to halt all official-level cross-border propaganda following a landmark 2000 summit.
The South’s defence ministry resumed the practise in late 2010 after the North shelled a border island in an attack that killed four South Koreans.
The ministry’s propaganda balloon launches were suspended a year later, but the North resumed its own leafleting campaign in July this year.
Tensions on the divided Korean peninsula have remained high since a failed rocket launch by North Korea in April, which was seen by the United States and its allies as an attempted ballistic missile test.