The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
Kim urges vigilance after defection
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un urged vigilance from the State Security Ministry, the official Korean Central News Agency reported, the same day a soldier shot two officers and defected to the South.
"The Ministry of State Security has a very important duty to perform to protect the sovereignty of the country and the nation," KCNA quoted Kim as saying on Saturday while viewing a statue of his late father at the ministry.
A North Korean soldier fled across the demilitarised zone around noon after shooting his platoon and squad leaders, South Korea's Defence Ministry said.
Kim became head of the totalitarian state in December after the death of his father Kim Jong-il, who ruled the secretive nation from 1994 to 2011. He took the country's top rank of marshal in July, the final step to secure his power as leader of the impoverished nation's 1.2-million-strong armed forces.
The promotion came days after Kim Jong-un fired veteran army chief Ri Yong-ho, in the biggest publicly revealed power shift since his succession.
"The security men should wage a fierce struggle against the enemies," KCNA quoted Kim as saying. He also called for incorporating modern information technology into state security, the report said. KCNA did not mention the defection.