The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
N Korea orders probe of border guards after spate of defections
Three North Korean soldiers have defected to South Korea across the heavily-fortified border since August, media reports said yesterday, in an apparent embarrassment to Pyongyang's new regime.
The rare defections - involving one officer who shot dead two superiors before defecting on Saturday - prompted the North to launch special probes on soldiers stationed at the border, Yonhap news agency and other media said.
They quoted unnamed Seoul officials and the South's military chief, Jeong Seung-Jo, who had testified to the parliamentary defence committee in a closed meeting on Monday.
One soldier crossed the western part of the border in August while another escaped in the eastern region on October 2, the reports said.
"Given their statements, the North's military appears to have serious lax discipline issues these days," said a Seoul official quoted by Yonhap.
A worsening food shortage at military barracks in the impoverished North has fanned frustration among its soldiers, the news agency quoted a South Korean intelligence official as saying.
The defence ministry declined to comment. Kim Kwang-Jin, a member of the defence committee, confirmed the defection on October 2.
The last reported military defection across the land border before the recent ones was in 2010.