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North Korea

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year. 

NewsAsia
KOREA

North Korea says proud of its human rights record

PUBLISHED : Saturday, 03 November, 2012, 8:51pm
UPDATED : Saturday, 03 November, 2012, 8:54pm

North Korea’s UN delegation declared on Friday that it was proud of Pyongyang’s social system and human rights record and rejected as baseless a UN monitor’s report that described appalling human rights abuses in the reclusive country.

Pyongyang was reacting to a report to the UN General Assembly’s Third Committee, which focuses on rights issues, from UN special rapporteur on North Korea Marzuki Darusman that described “a wide range of human rights violations.”

Among the abuses Darusman referred to in his annual report on North Korea were the alleged “extensive use of political prison camps, poor prison conditions and prisoners being subjected to forced labour, torture and corporal punishment.”

North Korean delegate Kim Song read a statement to the committee, which includes all 193 UN member states, that said: “My delegation totally and categorically rejects the ... groundless allegations.”

“The report of the special rapporteur is a product of the hostile policies of the United States and European Union against the DPRK [North Korea] and is a typical example of politicization, double standards and selectivity on the issue of human rights,” Kim said.

Darusman complained that North Korea had refused to cooperate with him during his assessment of the human rights situation in the impoverished nation. He also said there had been “no improvement in the dire situation of human rights” in North Korea since his last report in March.

Pyongyang’s delegate said North Korea had previously co-operated with UN and European Union human rights bodies but stopped doing so in 2006 after the EU began sponsoring annual General Assembly resolutions condemning Pyongyang for its rights record.

“We have nothing to hide,” Kim said. “We have nothing to be afraid of. On the contrary, we are proud of our superior system of promoting and protecting human rights in our country, including free medical care and free education system.”

“We will further develop and strengthen our social system that guarantees promotion and protection of human rights,” he added.

US, Japanese, EU and other delegations gave statements criticizing Pyongyang’s rights record. Darusman reiterated his concerns about North Korean prison camps, which he told the committee held between 150,000 and 200,000 prisoners.

China and other countries complained about the practice of adopting General Assembly resolutions that single out countries for their records on human rights.

The North Korean envoy said Darusman’s allegations were based on “distortions and falsity.”

“We neither recognise nor accept the mandate of the special rapporteur appointed by a resolution against the DPRK,” Kim said. “This is our principled position and it will not change in the future.”

“It is a big mistake if certain countries expect any change from DPRK through political pressure,” he added. “We remain consistent in our peaceful position to solve all problems through negotiation and dialogue.”

The assembly’s Third Committee is expected to pass a resolution condemning the rights situation in North Korea later this month, to be followed by formal adoption in the General Assembly in December. Such resolutions are an annual U.N. ritual for North Korea, Iran and Myanmar.

The Third Committee is also expected to pass a resolution condemning the human rights situation in Syria due to the 19-month conflict between government forces and rebels there. The General Assembly passed such a resolution on Syria last year.

 

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