South Korea is a sovereign state in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighboured by China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. With an estimated population of 50 million, it covers a total area 98,480 square kilometres which includes partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys. Its main exports are wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles and computers. Korea was one nation under the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910, when Japan began a 35-year period of colonial rule. Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers in 1945 and three years later the country split in two, beginning decades of conflict between North and South. The current president of The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is Park Geun-hye. She is the first woman to be elected as President in South Korea.
More than 100 policeman monitor funeral of South Korean gang boss
Agence France-Presse in Seoul
Scores of riot police turned out yesterday to monitor the funeral of one of South Korea's most notorious gang bosses, Kim Tae-chon - a major figure in the organised crime world in the 1970s and 1980s.
The service was held at the Seoul hospital where Kim died on Saturday at the age of 64 of a heart attack arising from a long illness.
About 300 people attended the ceremony, which was observed by 150 riot police.
"We dispatched units to prepare for any sudden incidents at the hospital, where there are other patients and visitors non-related to this funeral," a police spokesman said.
Kim, who was known for arming his gang members with long sushi knives, was convicted of masterminding the stabbing murder of a nightclub manager in 1986. He was sentenced to 10 years, but the term was suspended after he was diagnosed with lung cancer.
In 1992, he was handed another 10-year jail term for setting up his own criminal syndicate, named the "Beomseobangpa" gang.
After his release, he appeared to have forsaken his gang life and began preaching against crime to young people as a reformed Christian. But a few years later he was back in prison after being convicted on bribery charges.
In 2007, he was indicted for threatening one of South Korea's top actors, Kwon Sang-woo, allegedly saying he would turn Kwon's house "into a bloodbath" if the star refused to attend a fan meeting in Japan.
He was acquitted on appeal.
Kim was admitted to Seoul National University Hospital for respiratory problems in December 2011 and remained there until his death.
Following yesterday's ceremony, his body was taken to his hometown, in South Jeolla province, for cremation.
Organised crime was widespread in South Korea during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, with criminal syndicates wielding considerable influence in entertainment circles, the media and politics.
An official crackdown in 1990 resulted in the incarceration of hundreds of gang members and bosses.