Helped by its massive natural resources, Australia has weathered the global financial crisis better than other Group of 20 economies. In 2012, its economy grew 3.1 per cent, compared with 1.6 per cent in the United States and 1.1 per cent in Canada.
Gillard victorious in dramatic leadership challenge
Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard faced down a leadership challenge on Thursday, emerging victorious from a party vote after former leader Kevin Rudd made a last-minute decision not to run.
In a tense day of political manoeuvring, Gillard called the shock ballot as internal unrest reached fever pitch in a party which is floundering ahead of general elections in September.
Her decision followed senior cabinet minister Simon Crean openly urging a vote, with Gillard lagging badly in opinion polls and leadership speculation rampant.
But Rudd, who was ruthlessly ousted by Gillard in mid-2010, indicated he did not have the numbers to topple the premier, after being roundly beaten when he resigned as foreign minister and launched a previous challenge in February last year.
Since losing that battle, he has repeatedly pledged his support for the prime minister and despite his backers campaigning behind the scenes, maintained on Thursday he was a man of honour.
“I’m not prepared to dishonour my word... others take such commitments lightly, I do not,” he said just minutes before Labor parliamentarians were due to vote.
“I have also said that the only circumstances under which I would consider a return to leadership would be if there was an overwhelming majority of the parliamentary party requesting such a return, drafting me to return and the position was vacant,” said Rudd.
“I am here to inform you that those circumstances do not exist.”
With Rudd out of the running, the ballot went ahead with Gillard retaining the leadership unopposed.
Deputy Prime Minister Wayne Swan also retained his position after Crean withdrew as a candidate, according to Chris Hayes, returning officer for the Labor party vote who described the mood inside the caucus room as “sombre”.
A defiant Gillard said she now planned to get on with governing the country.
“Today the leadership of our political party has been settled and has been settled in the most conclusive fashion possible,” she said.
“The whole business is completely at an end. It has ended now.
“The government has a plan for the nation’s future and we plan to get on with it.”
However, as the elections approach Gillard is struggling to fend off concerns over her leadership and political strategy, and complaints over policy flip-flops that have seen her dubbed “Ju-liar”.
The latest polls showed Gillard’s personal ratings have risen against conservative opposition leader Tony Abbott but that the Labor Party stood a much better chance of victory under Rudd.
The March 12 Newspoll found that that if Rudd were leader, Labor would win 56 per cent of the vote, with minor parties stripped out, compared to 44 per cent for the opposition. With Gillard at the helm, they would lose to Abbott’s coalition.
Crean, another former Labor leader and party elder, sparked the ballot earlier in the day, warning that leadership speculation was “killing” the party and that the “stalemate has to end” to prevent it from imploding.
“Something needs to be done to break this deadlock, to resolve the issue once and for all,” he told reporters, handing his support to Rudd.
Crean was subsequently sacked by Gillard from his position as arts minister in her cabinet.
The prime minister has been dogged by leadership unrest for weeks, stoked by government mis-steps as it attempted to introduce media reforms that have united the industry in fierce opposition.
Reports said the government was expected to withdraw its media reform bills from parliament Thursday in what would be a crushing failure.
Gillard assumed the prime ministership in mid-2010, ousting Rudd who, at the time, had lost the support of powerful factional leaders.
She called an election which she failed to win outright from a sceptical public, gaining power only after cobbling together a coalition with a Greens MP and several rural independents to form a majority in the lower house.