South Korea proposes talks with North on Kaesong
Agence France-Presse in Seoul
South Korea on Thursday proposed talks with North Korea about reopening a joint industrial zone that shut down amid high military tensions.
The proposal came a day after the North restored a cross-border hotline and announced it would let the South’s businessmen visit the Kaesong estate just north of the border to check on their closed factories.
The South’s Unification Ministry sent a message to the North suggesting a meeting at the border truce village of Panmunjom on Saturday.
In its counter-proposal, the North agreed in principle on a meeting but insisted it be held at Kaesong, the ministry said.
“Discussion is under way to narrow differences, through telephone lines in the truce village,” a ministry spokesman said.
Plans for high-level talks last month on the future of the estate, which has been shut since April, collapsed due to a protocol dispute.
Unification Minister Ryoo Kihl-jae called for caution, saying Seoul would not hurry to hold fruitless talks with Pyongyang.
“Our position is to work out a problem through dialogue but we will not accept unreasonable demands from North Korea,” he said.
The Kaesong estate, where 53,000 North Koreans worked in 123 Seoul-owned factories, is the last remaining symbol of cross-border reconciliation and a valuable source of hard currency for the impoverished North.
It was the most high-profile casualty of the months of elevated tensions that followed the North’s nuclear test in February, subsequent tightened UN sanctions and US-South Korean military exercises.
After repeatedly threatening Seoul and Washington with conventional and nuclear attack, Pyongyang in recent weeks appears to want to shift to dialogue.
Professor Kim Yong-hyun of Seoul’s Dongguk University had said the North was likely to respond positively to Thursday’s talks proposal, as it tries to improve its people’s living standards and attract foreign investment to special economic zones elsewhere.
Pyongyang is also mindful of a US demand that it improve ties with Seoul before any talks with Washington, said Professor Koh Yu-hwan of the same university.
After last month’s fence-mending meeting with Seoul failed to go ahead, Pyongyang proposed direct, high-level dialogue with Washington.
In an apparent bid to press it to talk, the North this week allowed a pro-Pyongyang paper to release a video and interview with an American sentenced to hard labour for alleged subversion.
Kenneth Bae called on the United States to secure his early release, saying he has been in poor health since he was sent to prison in May to start a 15-year sentence.
“North Korea is seeking to exploit people’s sympathetic feelings for Bae to compel the United States to have talks with it,” Koh said.
“It wants to shift to dialogue from confrontation. However, unless the North takes concrete steps to meet its international obligations, it is hardly likely to nudge the United States toward the dialogue table.”
North Korea has vowed never to give up its nuclear weapons, but says it is open to direct talks with the United States.
But the United States and South Korea say the North must take actions first to prove its commitment to abandoning its nuclear programme.
The North’s first vice foreign minister Kim Kye-gwan is currently on a visit to Moscow to discuss possible resumption of six-party nuclear talks stalled since December 2008.
Kim late last month discussed restarting the talks in Beijing, where he met China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi.
Operations at Kaesong just north of the heavily fortified border came to a halt after the North banned entry by the South’s factory managers and other officials and pulled all its own workers out in April.
Its concessions on Wednesday came hours after dozens of South Korean firms threatened to withdraw altogether from the zone, complaining they had fallen victim to political bickering between the two rivals.
Representatives of the South Korean companies have repeatedly urged the two sides to open talks to revive the moribund industrial park.
Of them, 46 are manufacturers of electronics and machinery parts whose facilities are especially vulnerable to humidity in the current weather.