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North Korea

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year. 

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NORTH KOREA

Special gardeners of Kumsusan Palace in Pyongyang

Tweezers and brushes are key tools as devoted crew ensure not a blade of grass is out of place

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 30 July, 2013, 12:00am
UPDATED : Tuesday, 30 July, 2013, 3:25am

At first glance it seems like a task worthy of Hercules, manicuring lawns the size of a football field with a pair of tweezers.

These are not just any lawns. These make up the gardens of one of the most sacred sites in North Korea, the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun in Pyongyang, in which lie the embalmed bodies of the nation's founder Kim Il-sung and his son and successor Kim Jong-il.

So the gardening duties come with added pressure.

For a country of severe winters, the lawns are in impressive shape, covered in thick, healthy, bright green grass that both enhances and softens the visual impact of the monumental mausoleum.

During the day, a small brigade of men and women are seen squatting in various sections, plucking furiously at patches of turf with tools that would seem better equipped for pruning a bonsai than tending a meadow.

One woman, dressed in a pale blue uniform with a peaked cap to protect her from the sun, works with nothing more than a pair of tweezers and a small plastic receptacle for collecting dead grass.

When it snows, we brush it away. It's hard work, but it keeps us warm
Lawnkeeper Kim Ho-jung

Her task is to straighten the healthy grass and pluck out damaged or browned blades that might cause the lawn to stray to the dull side of verdant.

"We had some heavy rain recently which flattened parts of the lawns," she said during a tour of the palace for foreign media covering the elaborate celebrations for the 60th anniversary of the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean war.

"When the rain is very strong, we use brushes to stop too much water collecting in one place. Then, when it's all dried out, we need to straighten the grass out," she said.

On a separate patch nearby, a similarly uniformed woman worried away at her patch of grass with a rake no more than 15 centimetres long.

"This a new grass type. It was laid quite recently so it requires a lot of work," she said.

Unlike her tweezer-wielding colleague who had been doing the job for only a few months, she had been tending the palace gardens for six years.

She also looked after the trees and plants, but the lawns were the main responsibility and, she insisted, monotony was not an issue.

"Boring? No, not at all. It's a great honour to work in such a special place. I'm very proud of what I do to keep it beautiful," she said through one of the government aides that chaperone visitors around North Korea.

North Korea's capital is a relatively green city in the season. Most of the large monuments, and there are many of them, are offset by lawns, and the boulevards are often lined with trees and grass verges.

The banks of the Taedong river offer belts of public parks to residents who mostly live in charmless residential towers or work in equally drab offices.

Substantial effort is clearly spent on the upkeep of green areas, and small teams of men and women working on grass verges are a common sight around the city.

Back in the Palace of the Sun, Kim Ho-jung, another member of the lawn crew, supplements her tweezers with a tiny digging tool.

"There are a few barren patches, so we want to pick some of the grass from a good area and transplant it to a bad area," Kim explained.

"I never feel tired or bored. It's entirely an issue of the spirit. When you are doing the work you enjoy, those feelings don't arise."

The palace lawns are tended all year including winter when the temperature can reach as low as -17 degrees Celsius.

"When it snows, we brush it away. It's hard work, but it keeps us warm," Kim said.

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