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  • Oct 31, 2014
  • Updated: 4:41pm

Yasukuni Shrine

Yasukuni Shrine, located in Tokyo, Japan, is dedicated to over 2,466,000 Japanese soldiers and servicemen who died fighting on behalf of the Emperor of Japan in the last 150 years. It also houses one of the few Japanese war museums dedicated to World War II.The shrine is at the center of an international  controversy by honoring war criminals convicted by a post World War II court including 14 'Class A' war criminals. Japanese politicians, including prime ministers and cabinet members have paid visits to Yasukuni Shrine in recent years which caused criticism and protests from China, Korea, and Taiwan. 

NewsChina
JAPAN

China summons Japanese ambassador over shrine visit

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 15 August, 2013, 8:06am
UPDATED : Thursday, 15 August, 2013, 2:10pm

China summoned Japan’s ambassador on Thursday to lodge a strong complaint after two Japanese cabinet ministers publicly paid their respects at a controversial Tokyo shrine for war dead, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said.

Their visit to the Yasukuni Shrine “seriously harms the feelings of the people in China and other Asian victim countries”, the ministry said in a statement.

The two Japanese ministers were among dozens of lawmakers who visited a war shrine on Thursday in a move sure to anger China and South Korea, which see it as a potent symbol of Tokyo’s imperialist past.

[Their visit to the Yasukuni Shrine] seriously harms the feelings of the people in China and other Asian victim countries
Chinese Foreign Ministry

Security was tight with hundreds of police surrounding the leafy Yasukuni shrine in the heart of Tokyo, as right-wing nationalists carried flags calling on visitors to pray for Japan’s “heroic war dead” on the anniversary of the country’s surrender in the second world war.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sent a ritual offering, but did not visit in person in an effort to avoid inflaming tensions with Asian neighbours.

Koichi Hagiuda, an executive of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, told reporters that Abe had sent the offering in his capacity as ruling party leader to pay his respects to the war dead and wanted to apologise for not going in person.

Yasukuni honours 2.5 million citizens who died in the second world war and other conflicts, including 14 top convicted war criminals such as General Hideki Tojo, who authorised the attack on Pearl Harbour which drew the United States into the war.

Visits to the site by Japanese politicians enrage neighbouring nations, which view them as an insult and painful reminder of Tokyo’s aggression in the first half of the 20th century, including a brutal 35-year occupation of the Korean peninsula.

Yoshitaka Shindo, internal affairs and communications minister in Abe’s cabinet, visited the shrine early on Thursday.

About 90 other lawmakers arrived at the site later in the morning.

“It was my personal decision to come here,” Shindo told reporters, adding it was a “private” matter that should not affect Japan’s diplomatic relations.

Another cabinet minister, Keiji Furuya, who is in charge of the North Korean abduction issue, also made the trip. Tokyo is pressing North Korea to return all Japanese citizens kidnapped by Pyongyang in the past – the victims were largely used to train North Korean spies.

“Consoling the souls of war dead is a purely a domestic issue,” Furuya told reporters.

“This is not something that other countries are supposed to criticise or interfere with.”

Abe gave a ritual offering earlier this year when nearly 170 lawmakers visited the shrine for a spring festival, grabbing international headlines and sparking diplomatic protests.

On last year’s surrender anniversary, more than 50 lawmakers made the pilgrimage to the site near Japan’s Imperial Palace, drawing protests from Seoul and Beijing.

It was my personal decision to come here
Yoshitaka Shindo, internal affairs and communications minister

On Tuesday, Seoul lashed out ahead of this week’s anniversary, saying “our government and people will never tolerate such visits”.

“We once again stress that there should be no trips by top Japanese politicians to the Yasukuni shrine,” South Korean foreign ministry spokesman Cho Tai-Young told reporters.

Even at home there is significant opposition to Yasukuni, including among some relatives of those honoured there, who say it glorifies war and the darker chapters in Japan’s history.

For many, however, walking down the shrine’s stone paths lined with cherry trees and past imposing gates dedicated to Shinto -- Japan’s animist religion -- is part of a ritual far removed from politics.

“My father held me only once before heading to the war zone knowing Japan would lose,” 69-year-old Sumiko Iida said on Thursday.

“I’m absolutely against wars.”

Chinese state media on Wednesday reported Abe’s decision, relayed by the Japanese press and government sources, not to visit the “notorious” shrine.

Earlier in the week, the 35th anniversary of Japan and China normalising diplomatic relations passed quietly. Ties remain frosty following maritime skirmishes over a set of East China Sea islands that are disputed by both countries.

Observers have warned that the contested islands, which are believed to harbour mineral resources beneath their seabed, could be the flashpoint for military conflict between the two Asian giants.

Tokyo is locked in a separate territorial dispute with Seoul.

Abe has mostly focused his attention on stoking Japan’s economy since sweeping December elections, but he also openly mulled changing the pacificist constitution imposed on Japan by the United States and its allies after the war.

Reuters, Agence France-Presse

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This article is now closed to comments

Harry Weaver
"Land is the foundation of the state, therefore a thorough study of war is mandatory".
(1) The victors write the history books and no side in any war is innocent.
(2) It was well known, in advance, that the Japanese wished to surrender, but a new technology required testing and the opportunity was not to be wasted, so a bomb was dropped. A second bomb, slightly different, was 'tested' also.
This is celebrated without murmur.
The daughters of Okinawa are still raped on a regular basis even today.
(3) Stalin waged wholesale war, successfully, on his own people. Is this to be applauded?
(4) National administrations are now waging the last frontier of war - war on the individual. Is their greatest weapon in this to be personal information or the complacency of the people concerned?
War is everywhere.
It is not confined to national boundaries any more than trade is.
National boundaries have just been one of many tools employed by those who would rule us and require us to go to war.
Don't let them do it!
Hollander323
Try to agitate and stoke relations with its neighbor in a hostile way is a dangerous act. The damage done would last for very very long time, and it would be very very difficult to repair. The old Chinese wisdom tells us that, if Japan carry on doing this, its future would become dim in a long term.
achiang
The future is already dim for Japan. Its population is aging.
bolshoi
@achiang
Precisely!
 
 
 
 
 

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