The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or Asean, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the Asean Declaration by Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Since then, membership has expanded to include Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Its aims include accelerating economic growth, social progress and cultural development of its member states and the protection of regional peace and stability.
US companies see delay on Asean single market
Two leading American business groups said US firms operating in Asean countries are sceptical the regional bloc can meet a 2015 deadline to establish a single market.
The 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations has set 2015 as the target for creating a single regional economic market known as the Asean Economic Community (AEC), which would bring down trade barriers.
In a survey of 475 senior US business executives from the region - jointly conducted by the American Chamber of Commerce in Singapore and the US Chamber of Commerce - 52 per cent said they "do not think that the AEC's goals will be realised by 2015".
Of those who doubt Asean will reach its deadline, nearly 60 per cent "think that Asean will not reach AEC's goals until 2020 or later".
Only 23 per cent of all executives questioned believe that Asean will meet its 2015 goal, the poll showed.
Despite their scepticism, the survey showed that US companies are optimistic about overall business prospects in the region.
US firms said their level of trade and investment in Asean rose over the past two years and expect this figure to climb over the next five years.
Indonesia was named the most attractive country for new business expansion.
Asean, a region of 600 million people, wants to establish a common market and manufacturing base so that it can better compete as a group with China and India in trade and investments.
The group comprises Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.