Helped by its massive natural resources, Australia has weathered the global financial crisis better than other Group of 20 economies. In 2012, its economy grew 3.1 per cent, compared with 1.6 per cent in the United States and 1.1 per cent in Canada.
Australian PM Rudd concedes election defeat
More than 14.7 million of Australia’s population of 23 million are enrolled to vote in Saturday’s election
<P> Australia’s Prime Minister Kevin Rudd on Saturday conceded election defeat to conservative challenger Tony Abbott, with six years of Labor rule coming to an end as he wished his rival well.
<P> “A short time again I telephoned Tony Abbott to concede defeat at this national election,” he said at a party function in Brisbane.
<P> “As prime minister of Australia, I wish him well in the high office of prime minister of this country.”
<P> With 80 per cent of the votes counted, the Australian Electoral Commission showed Abbott’s Liberal/National coalition was leading in 88 seats in the House of Representatives, to Labor’s 56.
<P> Rudd said Labor had “fought the good fight”.
<P> “Tonight is the time to unite as the great Australian nation,” he added to a cheering crowd of supporters.
<P> “Because whatever our politics may be we are all first and foremost Australian and the things that unite us are more powerful than the things that divide us, which is why the world marvels at Australia.”
A senior lawmaker in Australia’s ruling Labor Party said her party had lost the national election on Saturday, backing analysts and exit polls, and signaling a sweeping victory for the conservative opposition was all but certain.
A victory for the Liberal Party-led coalition would come despite an apparent lack of overwhelming enthusiasm for opposition leader Tony Abbott, and would mean an end to six years of rule by the centre-left Labor Party, which has been marred by relentless infighting that left the public frustrated and disillusioned. The party has also struggled to win over voters angered by a deeply unpopular tax on carbon emissions that many blame for steep increases in power bills.
Health Minister Tanya Plibersek told Australian Broadcasting Corporation television that after 13 per cent of the votes had been counted, her government’s loss was no longer in doubt.
“I am a cautious person by nature,” Plibersek said, “but I think that it’s pretty clear it’s a matter of the size of the victory” for the coalition.
Plibersek’s concession backs analysts and means a coalition victory is a near certainty. Opinion polls and an early exit poll all predicted a resounding Liberal win.
A Sky News exit poll conducted by Sydney-based market researcher Newspoll showed the coalition was leading Labor 53 per cent to 47 per cent, and was expected to win 97 seats in the 150-seat House of Representatives. The poll results, unveiled 90 minutes before voting closed on Australia’s east coast, were based on 1,000 interviews with voters in Labor swing seats across New South Wales and Queensland states. The poll did not give a margin of error.
An hour after polls closed on the east coast, Australian Broadcasting Corp. election analyst Antony Green said early counting suggested that Labor had been ousted. Early analysis of the results showed a shift toward the conservatives, he said, with the coalition appearing to have 75 seats — half the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. Labor appeared to have 42.
“The opposition is on a pretty secure 75 already. On that basis, they’re going to get a majority,” Green said. “So I think we can say the government has been defeated.”
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd was once widely liked by the public, becoming the nation’s most popular leader in three decades when he took on the top job in 2007. Now, his party is facing the prospect of an end to its six years in power amid voter frustration over years of party instability and bickering, and widespread hatred of a carbon tax on major polluters.
The carbon tax has long been a thorn in the side of the Labor Party. The previous prime minister, Julia Gillard, broke an election promise and agreed to impose the tax in a bid to form a coalition Labor needed to stay in power.
Labor required the support of the minor Greens party - which insisted on the tax - in order to have enough seats in Parliament to control government.
The deal helped lead to Gillard’s downfall, and in June she lost her job to Rudd in a vote of party lawmakers. Gillard herself came to power by unseating Rudd in a similar party coup three years earlier.
The Gillard vs. Rudd drama and the squabbling between their camps left many voters disillusioned. To some former Labor supporters, Abbott - once dubbed “unelectable” by a former boss - was seen as the lesser of two evils.
Abbott has vowed to scrap the carbon tax and instead introduce taxpayer-funded incentives for polluters to operate cleaner.
Paul Perini, a pastor, walked out of a polling station in the Sydney suburb of Glebe on Saturday after voting for Labor - despite grudgingly acknowledging he believes Abbott would make a better prime minister than Rudd. Labor won his vote for its overall vision, though Perini said the party’s chances at victory had unquestionably been hurt by the years of infighting.
“They should never have got rid of Rudd in the first place - they should have just chained him to the desk and put a gag around his mouth and just got on with business, “ Perini said. “I don’t know if that was possible and I think they should have stuck with Julia. But Rudd should have pulled his finger out and not played what I consider to be a destructive game.”
Rudd cast his vote at a church in the Queensland capital, Brisbane, while Abbott voted at Sydney’s Freshwater Surf Life Saving Club.
Abbott, a volunteer lifeguard, is often depicted by cartoonists wearing nothing but the red-and-yellow cap of an Australian lifeguard and Speedos. Men’s swim briefs are known in Australia as “budgie smugglers” - a reference to the budgerigar, a small Australian parrot.
“I’m down here at Freshie Surf Club and you’ll be pleased to see ... I’m in a suit, not in the budgie smugglers,” Abbott told Nine Network television. “I sort of wish I was out there on the waves ... but Australia has a democratic duty to do today.”
Abbott has long struggled to connect with women voters, with Gillard once calling him a misogynist and sexist in a fiery speech before Parliament. In a bid to improve his image, he introduced a paid maternity leave plan that would give mothers the taxpayer-funded equivalent of their salaries for six months. Yet the plan has proven divisive even within the Liberal Party, with some of Abbott’s own allies dubbing it unaffordable.
Abbott and Rudd have also clashed over a tax on coal and iron ore mining companies. Abbott has promised to repeal the tax, which he blames in part for a downturn in the mining boom that kept Australia out of recession during the global economic crisis.
The 30 per cent mining tax on the profits of iron ore and coal miners was designed to cash in on burgeoning profits from a mineral boom fuelled by Chinese industrial demand. But the boom was cooling before the tax took effect. The tax was initially forecast to earn the government $A3 billion in its first year, but collected only A$126 million after six months.
Labor is hoping to win votes from its A$37.4 billion high-speed fibre-optic national broadband network, or NBN, which is being rolled out across the country. Labor bills it as the largest infrastructure project in Australian history.
The opposition promises a cheaper, slower broadband alternative that will cost A$29 billion and use Australia’s existing, aging copper telecommunications network. The opposition’s version would deliver only 10 per cent of the download speeds of the NBN. But Abbott argues that the true cost of NBN would be more than double Labor’s forecast.
The government and opposition also differ on how to curb a growing number of asylum seekers reaching Australia by boat.
Labor has promised that every bona fide refugee who attempts to reach Australia by boat from the policy announcement date of July 19 will be settled on the impoverished South Pacific island nations of Papua New Guinea or Nauru.
Labor claimed this week that the policy was already working. Only 1,585 asylum seekers arrived by boat during the month of August, less than half of the 4,236 who arrived in the previous month.
The Liberals have promised new policies requiring the navy to turn asylum seeker boats back to Indonesia, where they launch, and the government to buy back aging fishing boats from Indonesian villagers to prevent them falling into the hands of people smugglers.
Labor has dismissed the boat-buying policy as “crazy.” The policy would be a boon to Indonesian boat builders, without denting the number of vessels available to people smugglers among the estimated 750,000 fishing boats in Indonesia.