The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is a country in East Asia, located in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering South Korea and China. Its capital, Pyongyang, is the country's largest city by both land area and population. It is a single-party state led by the Korean Workers' Party (KWP), and governed by Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un since 2012. It has a population of 24,052,231 (UN-assisted DPRK census 2008) made up of Koreans and a smaller Chinese minority. Japan 'opened' Korea in 1876 and annexed it in 1910. The Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded with US support in the south in August 1948 and the Soviet-backed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north in September that year.
North Korea repatriates six from South as well as corpse
The North says they entered country illegally and were sent home on humanitarian grounds
North Korea repatriated six South Korean citizens and a corpse at a heavily defended border crossing yesterday, South Korea's Ministry of Unification said, in a rare humanitarian gesture amid persistent tensions between Pyongyang and Seoul.
The six crossed from North to South over the low concrete step that divides the two Koreas at Panmunjom, a jointly controlled "truce village" which straddles both sides of the Korean Demilitarised Zone and hosted the signing of the armistice that ended the 1950-53 Korean War.
North Korean state media said the group entered North Korea illegally and they were released on humanitarian grounds after the six "honestly admitted to and repented on their crimes".
"They were investigated by the relevant institutions which generously pardoned them and allowed them to return to the South, where their families are," a statement carried by North Korea's KCNA news agency said.
South Korea's Unification Ministry said that one body accompanied the six and Yonhap news agency reported that it was the wife of one of the returnees.
Tensions between North and South Korea soared earlier this year as Pyongyang reacted angrily to tightened UN sanctions imposed in response to its latest nuclear test, but then eased for several months.
The North's statements have become increasingly bellicose towards the South's government and its president, Park Geun-hye, a change of tone reminiscent of the aggressive rhetoric it used towards her predecessor, Lee Myung-bak. North Korean state media referred to Park by name for the first time this month and she has since become the subject of articles published nearly daily by the isolated country.
Speaking before the handover of the six South Koreans, who were immediately taken away for questioning, government officials in Seoul said their identity was unclear.
They said an investigation would be conducted to determine how they were able to enter North Korea.
The returnees, aged 27 to 67, have only been identified by their family names. A Ministry of Unification spokesman said four of them might be a group of South Korean citizens that Pyongyang said illegally entered North Korea in 2010.
Unauthorised visits to North Korea by South Korean citizens are illegal under South Korea's anti-communist law.