• Wed
  • Jul 23, 2014
  • Updated: 6:17am

Air Defence Identification Zone

The Air Defense Identification Zone is airspace over land or water in which the ready identification, location, and control of civil aircraft over land or water is required in the interest of national security. China's Defence Ministry announced its ADIZ over a vast area in the East China Sea on November 23, 2013, which covers the area around the Diaoyu islands, controlled by Japan and known as the Senkaku Islands. The establishment of this zone drew strong opposition from Japan, the US and South Korea, becoming a flashpoint in East Asian politics and security. 

NewsAsia

Defying China, US flies two B-52 bombers into East China Sea zone

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 27 November, 2013, 8:43am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 27 November, 2013, 1:59pm

Two unarmed US B-52 bombers on a training mission flew over disputed islands in the East China Sea without informing Beijing, defying China’s declaration of a new airspace defence zone and raising the stakes in a territorial standoff.

The flight did not prompt a response from China, the Pentagon said, and the White House urged Beijing on Tuesday to resolve its dispute with Japan over the islands diplomatically, without resorting to “threats or inflammatory language.”

China published coordinates for an East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone over the weekend and warned it would take “defensive emergency measures” against aircraft that failed to identify themselves properly in the airspace.

The zone covers the skies over islands at the heart of a territorial dispute that China has with close US ally Japan.

Watch: The South China Sea dispute explained

“The policy announced by the Chinese over the weekend is unnecessarily inflammatory,” White House spokesman Josh Earnest told reporters in California, where President Barack Obama is traveling.

“These are the kinds of differences that should not be addressed with threats or inflammatory language, but rather can and should be resolved diplomatically,” he said.

Two US B-52 bombers carried out the flight, part of a long-planned exercise, on Monday night EST, a US military official said.

The lumbering bombers appeared to send a message that the United States was not trying to hide its intentions and showed that China, so far at least, was unable or unwilling to defend the zone.

Beijing may have been caught off-guard and could change its approach down the road, said Dean Cheng, an analyst at the conservative Heritage Foundation think tank.

“The Chinese may not have expected such a strong American reaction so soon,” Cheng said. “The fact that Washington responded and responded so strongly sends a very clear challenge back to Beijing saying: ‘Look, in case you were wondering, we are serious when we say we are an ally of Japan. And do not mess with that.’”

View Presumed flight path of US B-52, Nov. 26, 2013 in a larger map

The B-52s, which have been part of the Air Force fleet for more than half a century, are relatively slow compared with today’s fighter jets and far easier to spot than stealth aircraft.

“We have conducted operations in the area of the Senkakus. We have continued to follow our normal procedures, which include not filing flight plans, not radioing ahead and not registering our frequencies,” spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said, using the Japanese name for the islands.

The dispute flared before a trip to the region by Vice President Joe Biden, who is scheduled to travel to Japan early next week and also has stops in China and South Korea. The White House announced the trip in early November.

The East China Sea dispute will figure prominently on Biden’s agenda.

While Washington does not take a position on the sovereignty of the islands, it recognises that Japan has administrative control over them and is therefore bound by treaty to defend Japan in the event of an armed conflict.

The Pentagon said the training exercise “involved two aircraft flying from Guam and returning to Guam.” Warren said the US military aircraft were neither observed nor contacted by Chinese aircraft.

The United States and Japan have sharply criticised China’s airspace declaration, with US Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel calling it a “destabilizing attempt to alter the status quo in the region.” He said on Saturday the United States would not change how it operated there.

The Chinese move was believed to be aimed at chipping away at Tokyo’s claim to administrative control over the area, including the tiny uninhabited islands known as the Diaoyu in China.

Japan’s two biggest airlines - Japan Airlines and ANA Holdings - bowed to a Japanese government request to stop complying with the Chinese demands for flight plans and other information. They will stop providing the information on Wednesday, spokesmen for the carriers said.

China’s Defence Ministry said it had lodged protests with the US and Japanese embassies in Beijing over the criticism from Washington and Tokyo of the zone.

China also summoned Japan’s ambassador, warning Tokyo to “stop words and actions which create friction and harm regional stability,” China’s Foreign Ministry said. Tokyo and Seoul summoned Chinese diplomats to protest.

In addition, China sent its sole aircraft carrier on a training mission into the South China Sea on Tuesday amid maritime disputes with the Philippines and other neighbours and tension over its airspace. 

It was the first time the carrier was sent to the South China Sea.

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This article is now closed to comments

roy.rosales.16
Red China is just bluffing.Why dont they scrambled their military jets as to follow the guidelines of their so called ADIZ.Shame on them.
lexishk
It's lucky most of the people here don't have their finger on the button marked [LAUNCH]
batwong
@caractacus : ' China...they have no sense of restraint .....will go too far' ! It may have escaped your attention but it is Japan who has landed and occupied the disputed islands. Who is being undiplomatic and belligerent ? As for the Americans, they have always claimed to be neutral, their actions have so far been anything but.
lamlm38
@Stephan: wow such short comment.. dont u hv anything intelligent to say u white trash :)
Stephan
China SUCKS and that's it!
caractacus
China is pushing its luck. Typical of Chinese culture, when on the make they have no sense of restraint or proportion. One day China will go too far and get its a s s kicked, but never mind, it will **** and moan and as ever play the innocent victim.
jiawang@adb.org
This problem will not be solved absent of war.
China has a new aircraft carrier and some shiny new weapons.
China has a lot of soldiers, it even has 20 million extra males.
China can send them over and occupy the islands. End of problem.
johnh
LOL
johnrai7
Seems US is real friend after all, admire their loyalty. China never saw it coming? If China wants to show her supremacy ,I think this is the right time. Or does it gonna live in shame? Its exciting now :) cant wait, what next...
syracuse37
I am not sure what is really exciting in the prospect of war but that's your opinion i guess

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