Korea has been a single political entity controlling over Korean Peninsula until the end of World War II, when Soviet Union and United States each occupied northern and southern halves respectively. The division further leads to founding of today’s North Korea and South Korea. Tensions between two countries remain high as both parties want to bring a unified peninsula under its rule. Heavy military are still stationed at the border which runs along north of 38th parallel.
Park Geun-hye wants revival of family reunions with North Korea
South Korean president promises increased humanitarian aid for the North to help reduce tensions with unpredictable neighbour
Associated Press in Seoul
South Korean President Park Geun-hye called yesterday for the resumption of reunions for families separated since the Korean war, saying the programme could help ease “grave” strains with North Korea.
Park, in a press conference to mark the new year, also promised increased humanitarian aid to the impoverished North to improve relations at a time of growing uncertainty.
She said last month’s shock purge and execution of Jang Song-thaek, the once-powerful uncle and political regent to young leader Kim Jong-un, had made it harder to predict the course of cross-border relations.
The security situation on the peninsula was “more grave than ever”, she said, calling for an end to “threats of war” and for the two countries to “open up an era of reunification”.
Since Jang’s execution, “noone in the world can predict what might happen to North Korea and what action it might take,” Park said.
“We are making preparations for all kinds of possibilities.”
Park said the reunion programme would provide new momentum to improving ties following years of high tensions.
The South’s Red Cross later faxed a message to its Northern counterpart, calling for a meeting at the border truce village of Panmunjom on Friday to discuss a next round of reunions, Seoul’s unification ministry said.
Panmunjom, which straddles the closely guarded border, has traditionally been used as a venue for inter-Korean talks since an armistice was signed to end the three-year Korean war in 1953.
North Korea last September cancelled a scheduled reunion of divided families, dealing an emotional blow to elderly Koreans denied a longed-for – and probably final – meeting with their surviving relatives.
There are normally no opportunities for meetings or any other kind of contact between ordinary Korean families separated by the border.
After a painstaking selection process, 96 South Koreans had been set last year to travel to the North’s Mount Kumgang resort for a face-to-face gathering with family members they had not seen for 60 years.
It would have been the first such mass reunion for three years. But with just days to go, Pyongyang postponed the event, blaming “hostility” from South Korea.
“I hope that elderly members of separated families will be allowed to reunite around Lunar New Year [on January 31] to help heal the wounds in their hearts,” Park said.
Video: Park proposes new family reunions with North Korea
She announced that the South would increase humanitarian aid and expand exchanges with the North this year, but did not give a figure.
Seoul last year offered 13.5 billion won (HK$98.5 million) in aid for the North Korean operations of international groups like UN children’s fund Unicef.
The South does not currently offer direct aid to the North.
“Next year will mark 70 years since the national division,” Park said, referring to Korea’s separation at the end of the second world war into two occupation zones administered by the Soviet Union and the United States.
“We must free ourselves from confrontation, threats of a war and nuclear blackmail and open up an era of reunification. We should make preparations for it.”